During a diabetic foot exam, your doctor will check for signs of infection, injury, bone abnormalities, nerve damage (neuropathy), and poor circulation (blood flow). Neuropathy and poor circulation are the two most common foot conditions people with diabetes have. Neuropathy can make your feet feel tingly or numb.
What do they do in a diabetic foot exam?
Your provider will brush a soft nylon fiber called a monofilament over your foot and toes to test your foot’s sensitivity to touch. Tuning fork and visual perception tests (VPT). Your provider will place a tuning fork or other device against your foot and toes to see if you can feel the vibration it produces.
How do you check for diabetic foot?
Signs of Diabetic Foot Problems
- Changes in skin color.
- Changes in skin temperature.
- Swelling in the foot or ankle.
- Pain in the legs.
- Open sores on the feet that are slow to heal or are draining.
- Ingrown toenails or toenails infected with fungus.
- Corns or calluses.
- Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heel.
How long does a diabetic foot exam take?
As you can see, a comprehensive diabetic foot exam a very simple examination, completely painless, and it takes about 20 – 30 minutes. If you have diabetes, making sure you get this exam every year is one of the most important things you can do to manage your diabetes and prevent amputations.
What is diabetic foot?
Foot problems are common in people with diabetes. They can happen over time when high blood sugar damages the nerves and blood vessels in the feet. The nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or a loss of feeling in your feet.
What does diabetic foot look like?
Although rare, nerve damage from diabetes can lead to changes in the shape of your feet, such as Charcot’s foot. Charcot’s foot may start with redness, warmth, and swelling. Later, bones in your feet and toes can shift or break, which can cause your feet to have an odd shape, such as a “rocker bottom.”
Why do diabetics check their feet?
People with diabetes need to check their feet often because cuts and other injuries to the foot could lead to infection and, in extreme cases, make it necessary to amputate.
What part of the foot hurts with diabetes?
Nerve Problems due to Diabetes. The most common contributor to diabetic foot pain is a nerve problem called Peripheral Neuropathy. This is where the nerves are directly affected by the disease process. There are basically three types of peripheral neuropathy: sensory, motor, and autonomic neuropathy.
How do you feel when your blood sugar is too HIgh?
If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Shortness of breath.
- Stomach pain.
- Fruity breath odor.
- A very dry mouth.
Can your feet tell you if you have diabetes?
Warning Signs of Diabetic Foot Problems
Increase swelling of legs or feet. Change of skin color. Burning or tingling sensation. Lack of feeling in the feet.
How do you know if you have neuropathy in your feet?
A common sign and symptom of neuropathy is loss or diminished sensation. A quick and easy way to test this at home is touching the 1st, 3rd and 5th toes of both feet with your index finger. This can be performed by either you or a family member.
What are the symptoms of diabetic foot infection?
Infections can cause constant pain, redness around an ulcer, warmth and swelling, pus, or an ulcer that does not heal. You should see your doctor as soon as possible if you have any of these signs.