Use the medicine exactly as directed. Insulin glargine is injected under the skin, usually once per day at the same time of day. When treating type 1 diabetes, use your short-acting insulin before meals as directed by your doctor. Insulin glargine must not be given with an insulin pump, or mixed with other insulins.
When do you take insulin glargine?
Insulin glargine is used with a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems.
How often is glargine insulin given?
Inject insulin glargine once per day, at the same time every day. Your doctor will calculate your starting dosage and any dosage changes based on your needs, blood glucose monitoring results, and treatment goals. If you have type 2 diabetes, the recommended initial dose is 0.2 units/kg or up to 10 units once daily.
Why is insulin glargine used at night?
Aims/Hypothesis: Insulin glargine is a long-acting human insulin analog often administered at bedtime to patients with type 2 diabetes. It reduces fasting blood glucose levels more efficiently and with less nocturnal hypoglycemic events compared with human neutral protamine Hagedorn (NPH) insulin.
How many units of glargine is normal?
The usual starting dose of Lantus for people with type 2 diabetes is 0.2 units/kg. (There are about 2.2 lb/kg.) The maximum starting dose of Lantus is 10 units a day. Lantus is typically taken once a day, not twice a day.
Does insulin glargine need to be refrigerated?
Keep Lantus away from direct heat and light. After its first use, don’t refrigerate the Lantus SoloStar pen. Keep it at room temperature only (below 86°F). After 28 days, throw your opened Lantus pen away—even if it still has insulin in it.
Can you mix regular insulin with glargine?
Regular insulin is usually given 30 minutes before a meal. It can also be mixed in the same syringe with longer-acting NPH insulin or given separately immediately after each other. Note: Glargine cannot be mixed with it.
How do I calculate how much insulin to take?
Divide the total carbohydrates by the insulin to carbohydrate ratio. The result is the amount of insulin units needed. Visit choa.org/diabetes for additional copies. Add the number of units needed for food to the number of units needed to correct blood sugar to get your total dose of insulin (Humalog/Novolog/Apidra).
How much insulin should a Type 1 diabetic take?
How much insulin do you need? In type 1 diabetes, most people need a total of 0.5 – 0.8 units of insulin per kilogram of body weight each day. Roughly half this insulin is needed for food intake, and half is the basal rate.
How much basal insulin should I take?
Ideally, basal insulin should produce at most a 30 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) change when blood sugar levels are stable and in your target range during sleep times. That’s why your healthcare provider will most likely advise you to inject basal insulin at night, preferably before bedtime.
Can glargine be given twice daily?
Because of its long duration of action insulin glargine is usually prescribed once daily. However, several reports have shown that the administration of insulin glargine once daily is not enough to achieve adequate glucose control in some patients requiring a twice daily dosing , , , , , , , .
Can glargine be given in the morning?
Lantus is approved only for bedtime dosing. That’s because the pre-approval studies were conducted only using bedtime dosing, therefore the FDA approved the drug that way. But from experience, patients can also use Lantus in the morning.
Can you take basal insulin in the morning?
When taken once daily, it is usually best to take the injection in the morning on a consistent 24-hour cycle. Research has shown that the morning injection has the least potential to cause an undesired blood sugar rise when the insulin is tapering off at around 20-24 hours.
How much Glargine is safe?
The recommended starting dose of LANTUS in patients with type 2 diabetes who are not currently treated with insulin is 0.2 units/kg or up to 10 units once daily. One may need to adjust the amount and timing of short-or rapid-acting insulins and dosages of any oral antidiabetic drugs.
Is 10 mg of insulin a lot?
Another option is simply to start with 10 units of insulin, a large enough dose to decrease blood glucose levels for most people but not so large that it is likely to cause hypoglycemia. The dose can then be increased every 3–7 days based on fasting blood glucose values.
How long after taking insulin should I check blood sugar?
It is important to test both before and about 2 hours after eating. This will let you know that you’ve given the right amount of insulin.