Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, limb amputation, kidney failure, and vascular and heart disease. Screening patients before signs and symptoms develop leads to earlier diagnosis and treatment, but may not reduce rates of end-organ damage.
Why is testing for diabetes important?
Some people will not have any symptoms but may have risk factors for diabetes and need to be tested. Testing allows health care professionals to find diabetes sooner and work with their patients to manage diabetes and prevent complications. Testing also allows health care professionals to find prediabetes.
When should you screen for diabetes?
According to the American Diabetes Association, all patients should be screened for diabetes at three-year intervals beginning at age 45, especially people who are overweight or obese. If multiple risk factors are present, screening should be done at an earlier age and more frequently.
Why is it important to monitor and manage diabetes correctly?
Monitoring your blood glucose level is most important if you take insulin. The results of blood glucose monitoring can help you make decisions about food, physical activity, and medicines. Checking and recording your blood glucose level is an important part of managing diabetes.
What is screening for diabetes?
Screening tests. Screening tests for diabetes include risk scoring tools and biochemical tests: urine glucose, random blood glucose (RBG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fructosamine, and a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).
Which patient would benefit most from screening for type 2 diabetes?
Which patients are likely to benefit from diabetes screening? Diabetes screening is most likely to improve outcomes in patients with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, particularly hypertension, because blood pressure treatment goals differ according to the presence of diabetes (7).
What are screenings?
Screenings are medical tests that doctors use to check for diseases and health conditions before there are any signs or symptoms. Screenings help find problems early on, when they may be easier to treat. Getting recommended screenings is one of the most important things you can do for your health.
How can individuals be encouraged to contribute to the monitoring process of diabetes?
Examine your feet regularly between reviews, or ask someone you know to check them for you. Ask for help if you are ill, and know the ‘sick day rules’. Know when, where and how to contact your diabetes healthcare team. Attend your appointments or rearrange them as soon as possible.
What is recommended to help manage diabetes?
Physical activity is another important part of your diabetes management plan. When you exercise, your muscles use sugar (glucose) for energy. Regular physical activity also helps your body use insulin more efficiently. These factors work together to lower your blood sugar level.
What do diabetes nurses do?
A Diabetes Nurse looks after patients with diabetes, a disease that stops the body from producing or absorbing enough insulin.