Diabetic foot ulcer is a skin sore with full thickness skin loss on the foot due to neuropathic and/or vascular complications in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Can Type 2 diabetes cause foot ulcers?
Closely linked with diabetes neuropathy, diabetic nerve pain and diabetes foot care, diabetic foot ulcers affect many people with diabetes. Experts suggest that around 10 per cent of people with diabetes develop a foot ulcer at some point. Foot ulcers can affect people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
What kind of foot ulcers are associated with diabetes?
Types of Diabetic Ulcers
Neuropathic ulcers occur where there is peripheral diabetic neuropathy, but no ischemia caused by peripheral artery disease. Ischemic ulcers occur where there is peripheral artery disease present without the involvement of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
Can ulcers in the feet be caused by diabetes?
Anyone who has diabetes can develop a foot ulcer. Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanics and older men are more likely to develop ulcers. People who use insulin are at a higher risk of developing a foot ulcer, as are patients with diabetes-related kidney, eye, and heart disease.
What is the most common cause of foot ulcers?
The most common foot ulcer is below. Foot ulcers can be caused by a vascular disease, namely chronic venous insufficiency (venous ulcers), Peripheral Arterial Disease (arterial ulcers), and nerve damage . Arterial Ulcers – Arteries carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
Is foot ulcer a complication of type 2 diabetes?
Diabetic foot ulceration is a serious limb-threatening complication of diabetes. It is the common cause of hospital admissions and amputations.
What does a diabetic foot ulcer look like?
A foot ulcer looks like a red crater in the skin. Most foot ulcers are located on the side or bottom of the foot or on the top or tip of a toe. This round crater can be surrounded by a border of thickened, callused skin. This border may develop over time.
What is an ischemic foot ulcer?
Ischemic ulcers (wounds) can occur when there is poor blood flow in your legs. Ischemic means reduced blood flow to an area of the body. Poor blood flow causes cells to die and damages tissue. Most ischemic ulcers occur on the feet and legs. These types of wounds can be slow to heal.
What causes diabetic ulcer?
Ulcers in people with diabetes are most commonly caused by: poor circulation. high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) nerve damage.
Can diabetic foot ulcer be cured?
If a diabetic foot ulcer does occur, it’s important to seek medical care as soon as possible; this is not a wound you should attempt to treat at home on your own. The faster a foot ulcer is properly treated, the greater chance it will heal completely and without infection or complications.
How do you get rid of diabetic foot ulcers?
For proper wound care, clean the wound with saline, apply a topical gel or antibiotic ointment medication to the wound once a day, as recommended by your doctor. After each application, wrap the wound with a clean gauze dressing.
Why is my foot ulcer not healing?
As previously mentioned, non-healing foot ulcers are often a sign of PAD, because a non-healing sore on the foot, toe, or ankle can be a sign of a malfunctioning circulatory system. This is important to realize, because there are minimally invasive PAD treatments that can help.
Do you stage diabetic foot ulcers?
When treating diabetic foot ulcers it is important to be aware of the natural history of the diabetic foot, which can be divided into five stages: stage 1, a normal foot; stage 2, a high risk foot; stage 3, an ulcerated foot; stage 4, an infected foot; and stage 5, a necrotic foot.
Is diabetic foot ulcer life threatening?
Diabetic foot ulcers are common – in fact, 1 in 4 people with diabetes will develop at least one ulcer post-diagnosis. Ulcers can be serious and life threatening; they are the leading cause of amputation due to diabetes.