Is type 2 diabetes a global health issue?

Globally, an estimated 462 million individuals are affected by type 2 diabetes, corresponding to 6.28% of the world’s population (Table 1). More than 1 million deaths were attributed to this condition in 2017 alone, ranking it as the ninth leading cause of mortality.

Is type 2 diabetes a global issue?

Type 2 diabetes is a global public health crisis that threatens the economies of all nations, particularly developing countries. Fueled by rapid urbanization, nutrition transition, and increasingly sedentary lifestyles, the epidemic has grown in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity.

Is diabetes a global health issue?

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem worldwide. Current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 million people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040.

Why is type 2 diabetes considered a public health issue?

People with type 2 diabetes cannot effectively use the insulin their body produces to regulate blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar damages many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels. Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and lower-limb amputation.

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What is the global prevalence of type 2 diabetes?

In 2017, approximately 462 million individuals were affected by type 2 diabetes corresponding to 6.28% of the world’s population (4.4% of those aged 15-49 years, 15% of those aged 50-69, and 22% of those aged 70+), or a prevalence rate of 6059 cases per 100,000.

How common is type 2 diabetes worldwide?

Globally, an estimated 462 million individuals are affected by type 2 diabetes, corresponding to 6.28% of the world’s population (Table 1).

Why is diabetes a pandemic?

Increasing urbanization, aging populations, obesity and falling levels of physical activity are all contributing to the rise of T2DM worldwide. The main cause of T2DM pandemic is growing prevalence of obesity in Europe and USA.

Is diabetes an epidemic?

While diabetes mortality is rising for all race and income groups, complications and higher death rates occur particularly among minorities and low-income groups, thus exacerbating health disparities. Diabetes is epidemic. The high and rapidly increasing prevalence of the disease demands this description.

What factor is common to many global populations with high rates of type 2 diabetes?

Obesity is often seen as the main contributor to an increasing prevalence of diabetes [8–10] but other factors such as ageing, ethnicity, lifestyle (i.e., physical inactivity and energy dense diet), socioeconomic status, education, and urbanization have also been identified as potentially important factors [11–14].

Which populations are at greatest risk for diabetes?

Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

  • are overweight or obese.
  • are age 45 or older.
  • have a family history of diabetes.
  • are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
  • have high blood pressure.
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Why is the incidence of type 2 diabetes likely increasing?

Obesity is a major risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, which is the type of diabetes affecting 90–95% of Americans. The increasing incidence of diabetes is in line with the increasing prevalence of obesity in the United States.

When did diabetes become an epidemic?

In 1994, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) diabetes program declared that diabetes had reached epidemic proportions and should be considered as a major public health problem.

What is the global impact of diabetes?

DALYs: disability-adjusted life-years. Global deaths due to diabetes increased from 0.61 million (0.59–0.62) in 1990 to 1.37 million (1.34–1.40) in 2017, with a 125.5% increase. The age-standardized death rate increased from 15.7 (15.3–16.1) to 17.5 (17.1–17.9).

How many people in the US and globally are affected by type 2 diabetes?

More than 34 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes.