Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious condition that can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death. When your cells don’t get the glucose they need for energy, your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones.
Is diabetic ketoacidosis curable?
Don’t skip over that last phrase, because it’s crucial: DKA is very treatable, but only as long as it’s diagnosed promptly and patients understand the risk.
How long does it take to treat diabetic ketoacidosis?
3 Typical duration of therapy is about 48 hours. 3 If the patient can eat when DKA has resolved, a standard subcutaneous insulin regimen by injection or insulin pump should be started. Intravenous insulin should continue for one to two hours after initiation of subcutaneous insulin.
What happens if diabetic ketoacidosis goes untreated?
Left untreated, diabetic ketoacidosis can cause potentially fatal complications, such as severe dehydration, coma and swelling of the brain. Read more about the complications of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Is diabetic ketoacidosis life-threatening?
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a serious complication of diabetes that can be life-threatening. DKA is most common among people with type 1 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes can also develop DKA. DKA develops when your body doesn’t have enough insulin to allow blood sugar into your cells for use as energy.
What triggers diabetic ketoacidosis?
In general diabetic ketoacidosis occurs because there is not enough insulin to move sugar (glucose) into the cell where it can be used for energy. Besides lack of insulin, certain body stressors combined with diabetes, such as infection or illness, can trigger diabetic ketoacidosis.
What are the long term effects of ketoacidosis?
On admission to hospital, these patients have a distinct clinical presentation: polyuria, polydipsia, nausea or vomiting, diffuse abdominal pain and hyperventilation. Left untreated, DKA can lead to cerebral oedema (more common in paediatric DKA patients), coma or death.
What organs are affected by ketoacidosis?
Fluid loss from DKA can lead to kidney and organ damage, brain swelling that can eventually cause a coma, and fluid buildup in your lungs.
How do you reverse diabetic ketoacidosis?
Insulin reverses the processes that cause diabetic ketoacidosis. In addition to fluids and electrolytes, you’ll receive insulin therapy — usually through a vein.
Why is ketosis bad for diabetics?
People with type 1 diabetes should not try to achieve ketosis through the ketogenic diet or otherwise. Because people with type 1 diabetes don’t have insulin, they cannot metabolize ketones, which are gradually flushed through urine in people without the disease.
What happens during diabetic ketoacidosis?
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening problem that affects people with diabetes. It occurs when the body starts breaking down fat at a rate that is much too fast. The liver processes the fat into a fuel called ketones, which causes the blood to become acidic.