Although diabetes affects people from different races and ethnic backgrounds, the rates of diagnosed diabetes continue to be higher in ethnic minority groups such as non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, and Asian Americans, among others (1,2).
What culture does diabetes affect the most?
Diabetes impacts all age and ethnic groups, but affects some more than others. Ethnicities at a higher risk for type 2 diabetes, for example, include African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, Asian Americans and Pacific Islander Americans.
What are cultural considerations?
Cultural considerations are crucial to the effectiveness of any counseling approach. In this discussion, “culture” refers to everything that defines and distinguishes a person including ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, language, values, goals, and life experiences.
How does lifestyle affect diabetes?
Several factors are involved in sugar level regulation in type 2 diabetes, including genetic and environmental interactions and increased calorie intake (high fat diet) and lack of exercise. All of these factors induce insulin-related abnormalities, ultimately leading to events that cause late-onset type 2 diabetes.
Is diabetes a community health issue?
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem worldwide. Current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 million people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040.
How does religion affect diabetes?
Religious beliefs can affect how diabetic patients and their spouses cope with the stress of diabetes, with positive attitudes resulting in good lifestyle habits that result in greater success with glycemic control for the diabetic spouse, new US research indicates.
How does ethnicity play a role in type 2 diabetes?
There is evidence that certain ethnic groups have a predisposition to type 2 diabetes in the presence of the same risk factors. For example, among adult South Asians there are higher rates of obesity, central fat distribution, and resulting insulin resistance than in white populations.
Why cultural consideration is important?
By being culturally aware, we can recognize and have an appreciation for other’s values, customs, and beliefs and meet them without judgment or prejudice. When we are culturally aware we can know what is considered inappropriate or offensive to others. Incorrect body language often leads to misunderstandings.
How does culture influence health care?
Both health professionals and patients are influenced by their respective cultures. … Demonstrating awareness of a patient’s culture can promote trust, better health care, lead to higher rates of acceptance of diagnoses and improve treatment adherence.
What are examples of cultural factors?
Culturally determined characteristics include: the language spoken at home; religious observances; customs (including marriage customs that often accompany religious and other beliefs); acceptable gender roles and occupations; dietary practices; intellectual, artistic, and leisure-time pursuits; and other aspects of …
How does lifestyle choices affect type 2 diabetes?
One of them eats well, watches their cholesterol, and stays physically fit, and the other is overweight (BMI greater than 25) and inactive. The person who is overweight and inactive is much more likely to develop type 2 diabetes because certain lifestyle choices greatly influence how well your body uses insulin.
How does diet and lifestyle affect diabetes?
Too little food in proportion to your diabetes medications — especially insulin — may result in dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Too much food may cause your blood sugar level to climb too high (hyperglycemia). Talk to your diabetes health care team about how to best coordinate meal and medication schedules.
Can lifestyle changes reverse diabetes?
Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.
How does diabetes affect public health?
Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and lower-limb amputation. Recent research has also shown a connection between diabetes and dementia, hearing loss, and some forms of cancer. Diabetes increases the risk of early death, and diabetes-related complications can lower quality of life.
Why is diabetes a complex issue address?
Diabetes is a challenging problem for public health worldwide. It is a chronic disorder in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond adequately to the insulin that is produced.
What are the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes in this population that help explain the disparity in the prevalence of the disease?
You’re at risk for developing type 2 diabetes if you:
- Have prediabetes.
- Are overweight.
- Are 45 years or older.
- Have a parent, brother, or sister with type 2 diabetes.
- Are physically active less than 3 times a week.