The three stages of NPDR are mild, moderate, and severe, which may progress to the other type, or fourth stage, proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
How many stages of diabetic retinopathy development are there?
There are four stages of diabetic retinopathy, which are categorized depending on the severity of symptoms. Diabetic retinopathy is an eye condition that affects people with diabetes and can lead to vision loss and blindness. It occurs most often in diabetics who do not keep their blood sugar well-controlled.
What is the most severe type of diabetic retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy can progress to this more severe type, known as proliferative diabetic retinopathy. In this type, damaged blood vessels close off, causing the growth of new, abnormal blood vessels in the retina.
What is the first stage of diabetic retinopathy?
The first stage is also called background retinopathy. It means that there are tiny bulges in the tiny blood vessels in your retinas. The bulges are called microaneurysms. They may cause the vessels to leak small amounts of blood into your retinas.
How do you stop diabetic retinopathy from progressing?
You can reduce your risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, or help stop it getting worse, by keeping your blood sugar levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control. This can often be done by making healthy lifestyle choices, although some people will also need to take medication.
What is stage 3 diabetic retinopathy?
Stage 3: Severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy
A larger section of blood vessels in the retina become blocked, causing a significant decrease in blood flow to this area. At this point, the body receives signals to start growing new blood vessels in the retina.
What is the third stage of diabetic retinopathy?
The Four Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy
The third stage, severe nonproliferative retinopathy brings with it more blocked blood vessels, which leads to areas of the retina no longer receiving adequate blood flow. Without proper blood flow, the retina can’t grow new blood vessels to replace the damaged ones.
What does a person with diabetic retinopathy see?
Diabetic retinopathy is blood vessel damage in the retina that happens as a result of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can cause a range of symptoms, including blurred vision, difficulty seeing colors, and eye floaters. Without treatment, it can cause vision loss.
Is diabetic retinopathy permanent?
There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. But treatment works very well to prevent, delay, or reduce vision loss. The sooner the condition is found, the easier it is to treat. And it’s more likely that vision will be saved.
Can lowering blood sugar improve vision?
While high blood sugar can change the shape of the lens in your eye, low blood sugar doesn’t and this particular vision issue can be corrected sooner by getting your blood sugar back to normal from a meal or snack.
How fast does retinopathy progress?
In the severe form of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, it can progress to proliferative diabetic retinopathy up to 60% of the time within 12 months.
How long does it take for diabetic retinopathy to progress?
A healthy retina is necessary for good eyesight. Diabetic retinopathy can cause the blood vessels in the retina to leak or become blocked and damage your sight. Typically, diabetic patients will develop diabetic retinopathy after they have had diabetes for between 3-5 years.
Can vision be restored after diabetic retinopathy?
Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? No, but it doesn’t have to lead to blindness, either. If you catch it early enough, you can prevent it from taking your vision. That’s why it’s vital to have regular visits with an Ophthalmologist or Optometrist who’s familiar with diabetes and retina treatment.
Does retinopathy go away?
While treatment can slow or stop the progression of diabetic retinopathy, it’s not a cure. Because diabetes is a lifelong condition, future retinal damage and vision loss are still possible. Even after treatment for diabetic retinopathy, you’ll need regular eye exams. At some point, you might need additional treatment.
How can I reverse diabetic retinopathy?
Medicines called anti-VEGF drugs can slow down or reverse diabetic retinopathy. Other medicines, called corticosteroids, can also help. Laser treatment. To reduce swelling in your retina, eye doctors can use lasers to make the blood vessels shrink and stop leaking.