Diabetes and its complications increase costs and service pressures on Canada’s publicly funded health-care system. This is because of an increased use of health services, loss of productivity and the long-term support needed to manage diabetes-related complications.
Is diabetes a problem in Canada?
Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects Canadians of all ages. If left uncontrolled, diabetes results in consistently high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), which can lead to serious complications such as cardiovascular disease, vision loss, kidney failure, nerve damage, and amputation.
Why is diabetes such a big issue?
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation. Between 2000 and 2016, there was a 5% increase in premature mortality from diabetes. In 2019, diabetes was the ninth leading cause of death with an estimated 1.5 million deaths directly caused by diabetes.
Who does diabetes affect Canada?
In 2017, 7.3% of Canadians aged 12 and older (roughly 2.3 million people) reported being diagnosed with diabetes. Between 2016 and 2017, the proportion of males who reported being diagnosed with diabetes increased from 7.6% in 2016 to 8.4% in 2017. The proportion of females remained consistent between the two years.
What causes diabetes in Canada?
Type 2 diabetes is caused by several factors including obesity, ethnic background, a family history of type 2 diabetes and other environmental factors. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese.
What is the diabetes rate in Canada?
Currently, 8.8% of Canadians (9.4% male, 8.1% female, aged one year and older) live with diabetes, and approximately 549 new cases are diagnosed each day. Since 2000, the age-standardized prevalence rate has increased by an average of 3.3% per year.
Is diabetes a disease?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
Is diabetes a pandemic or epidemic?
Diabetes is a global epidemic affecting an estimated 382 million people worldwide. The WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. An estimated 4 million people die annually from diabetes complications.
Is diabetes a growing problem?
Type 2 diabetes affects nearly 10% of the world’s adults, and rates are rising rapidly, especially in low and middle income countries. 1 In the UK it affects about four million adults (6% of the population), and if nothing changes this will grow to about five million by 2025.
What are some Canadian statistics that relate to type 2 diabetes?
Diabetes in Canada
- Approximately 5.3 million Canadians have diabetes.
- It is estimated that 5.7 million have prediabetes.
- 50% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes.
- A person with diabetes can face direct costs for medication and diabetes supplies ranging from $1,000 to $15,000 per year.
Which populations are at greatest risk for diabetes?
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
- are overweight or obese.
- are age 45 or older.
- have a family history of diabetes.
- are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
- have high blood pressure.
How is diabetes affecting the population?
34.2 million Americans—just over 1 in 10—have diabetes. 88 million American adults—approximately 1 in 3—have prediabetes. New diabetes cases were higher among non-Hispanic blacks and people of Hispanic origin than non-Hispanic Asians and non-Hispanic whites.
What causes diabetes food?
A diet high in fat, calories, and cholesterol increases your risk of diabetes. A poor diet can lead to obesity (another risk factor for diabetes) and other health problems. A healthy diet is high in fiber and low in fat, cholesterol, salt, and sugar. Also, remember to watch your portion size.
When did diabetes start in Canada?
In 1953, what we know today as Diabetes Canada was formed.