Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach, can’t produce enough insulin to control your blood glucose level, or when the cells in your body don’t respond properly to the insulin that is produced. This means your blood glucose levels may become very high, and is known as hyperglycaemia.
What causes the failure of control of blood sugar in diabetes?
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas (a small gland behind the stomach) progressively reduces the amount of insulin (the hormone that regulates blood glucose levels) it produces until it stops producing any at all. If the amount of glucose in the blood is too high, it can, over time, seriously damage the body’s organs.
What causes uncontrolled type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is primarily the result of two interrelated problems: Cells in muscle, fat and the liver become resistant to insulin. Because these cells don’t interact in a normal way with insulin, they don’t take in enough sugar. The pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to manage blood sugar levels.
What is the difference between controlled and uncontrolled diabetes?
Based on the levels of Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) in the blood, American Diabetic Association has classified Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients as uncontrolled group of diabetic patients whose HbA1c level is maintained more than 7% and as controlled group of diabetic patients whose HbA1c level is maintained less …
What are the complications of DM?
Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular disease. …
- Nerve damage (neuropathy). …
- Kidney damage (nephropathy). …
- Eye damage (retinopathy). …
- Foot damage. …
- Skin conditions. …
- Hearing impairment. …
- Alzheimer’s disease.
What happens when blood sugar is out of control?
Uncontrolled diabetes is when your blood sugar levels are consistently above 180 ml/dl or higher. It can lead to life-threatening complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), heart attack, or stroke. Chronically high blood sugar levels can damage nerves, blood vessels, and vital organs.
What happens if you don’t control type 2 diabetes?
If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.
What happens if blood glucose is not controlled?
When blood sugar gets too low, it is called hypoglycemia. This needs treatment right away. A rise in blood sugar is called hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia that isn’t treated can turn into diabetic ketoacidosis , which also needs medical care right away.
Can Type 2 diabetes get worse?
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive condition and usually gets worse over time. Making lifestyle changes, such as adjusting your diet and taking more exercise, may help you control your blood glucose levels at first, but may not be enough in the long term.
How do you get under control diabetes?
How Can I Keep My Blood Sugar Levels Under Control?
- Take your insulin or pills when you’re supposed to.
- Follow your meal plan as much as possible.
- Get regular exercise.
- Check your blood sugar level several times a day.
- Visit your doctor regularly.
- Learn as much as possible about diabetes.
What color is your pee when you have diabetes?
Diabetes can cause cloudy urine when too much sugar builds up in your urine. Your urine may also smell sweet or fruity. Diabetes can also lead to kidney complications or increase risk of infections of the urinary tract, both of which can also make your urine appear cloudy.
What are the 4 most common leading complications of diabetes?
Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:
- Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke. …
- Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation. …
- Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease. …
- Eye problems.
Which disease is caused due to lack of insulin?
Lack of insulin production
This is primarily the cause of type 1 diabetes. It occurs when insulin-producing cells are damaged or destroyed and stop producing insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar into cells throughout the body.
What is Type 2 DM with expected complications?
Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.