Diabetes can damage the nerves and cause a complication called neuropathy. This generally begins as loss of sensation in the toes, and possibly fingers. Eventually, the neuropathy can move up the person’s legs or arms.
How does gestational diabetes affect the nervous system?
If blood glucose levels remain high for extended periods of time over a number of years, the blood vessels which feed the nerves can become damaged and can lead to the nerves themselves becoming damaged. Damage to the nerves can lead to loss of feeling in extremities such as the hands and lower legs.
Can diabetes cause nerve damage?
High blood sugar damages your nerves, and these nerves may stop sending messages to different parts of your body. Nerve damage can cause health problems ranging from mild numbness to pain that makes it hard to do normal activities. Half of all people with diabetes have nerve damage.
Can damaged nerves from diabetes heal?
Nerve damage from diabetes can’t be reversed. This is because the body can’t naturally repair nerve tissues that have been damaged.
How long before diabetes causes nerve damage?
Nerve problems can start in the first 10 years after being diagnosed with diabetes. The risk goes up the longer you have diabetes. About half of people with diabetes have some form of nerve damage.
What are the symptoms of nerve damage?
The signs of nerve damage
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet.
- Feeling like you’re wearing a tight glove or sock.
- Muscle weakness, especially in your arms or legs.
- Regularly dropping objects that you’re holding.
- Sharp pains in your hands, arms, legs, or feet.
- A buzzing sensation that feels like a mild electrical shock.
Can you get neuropathy If you are pre diabetic?
Prediabetes and Nerve Damage
Prolonged high blood sugar levels, even those in the prediabetes range, can damage your nerves. This diabetic neuropathy can lead to numbness, tingling, burning or pain in the extremities such as the feet, toes and hands.
What is diabetic nerve pain like?
Diabetic neuropathy can cause numbness or tingling in your fingers, toes, hands, and feet. Another symptom is a burning, sharp, or aching pain (diabetic nerve pain). The pain may be mild at first, but it can get worse over time and spread up your legs or arms.
What are the 5 main symptoms of diabetic neuropathy?
What are the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy?
- sensitivity to touch.
- loss of sense of touch.
- difficulty with coordination when walking.
- numbness or pain in your hands or feet.
- burning sensation in feet, especially at night.
- muscle weakness or wasting.
- bloating or fullness.
- nausea, indigestion, or vomiting.
What does the beginning of diabetic neuropathy feel like?
Diabetic neuropathy symptoms usually begin in the toes and work their way towards the head. The first symptoms you may experience are tingling and numbness in the toes or fingers. This may resemble the feeling of “pins and needles” when a foot that has fallen asleep begins to wake up.
How does high glucose damage nerves?
Researchers think that over time, uncontrolled high blood sugar damages nerves and interferes with their ability to send signals, leading to diabetic neuropathy. High blood sugar also weakens the walls of the small blood vessels (capillaries) that supply the nerves with oxygen and nutrients.
How long do damaged nerves take to heal?
Regeneration time depends on how seriously your nerve was injured and the type of injury that you sustained. If your nerve is bruised or traumatized but is not cut, it should recover over 6-12 weeks. A nerve that is cut will grow at 1mm per day, after about a 4 week period of ‘rest’ following your injury.
How do you fix nerve damage?
Sometimes a section of a nerve is cut completely or damaged beyond repair. Your surgeon can remove the damaged section and reconnect healthy nerve ends (nerve repair) or implant a piece of nerve from another part of your body (nerve graft). These procedures can help your nerves to regrow.
What does neuropathy feel like in your feet?
Signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy might include: Gradual onset of numbness, prickling or tingling in your feet or hands, which can spread upward into your legs and arms. Sharp, jabbing, throbbing or burning pain. Extreme sensitivity to touch.
Where does diabetic neuropathy usually start?
Diabetic peripheral neuropathy usually first appears in the feet and legs, and may occur in the hands and arms later.
Why is diabetic neuropathy worse at night?
At night our body temperature fluctuates and goes down a bit. Most people tend to sleep in a cooler room as well. The thought is that damaged nerves might interpret the temperature change as pain or tingling, which can heighten the sense of neuropathy.