You asked: What are the common types diabetes What are the major complications of diabetes if left untreated?

What are the major complications of diabetes if left untreated?

Possible complications include:

  • Cardiovascular disease. …
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy). …
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy). …
  • Eye damage (retinopathy). …
  • Foot damage. …
  • Skin conditions. …
  • Hearing impairment. …
  • Alzheimer’s disease.

What is the most common diabetes complication?

Nerve damage (neuropathy): One of the most common diabetes complications, nerve damage can cause numbness and pain. Nerve damage most often affects the feet and legs but can also affect your digestion, blood vessels, and heart.

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.

Specific diabetes due to other causes

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

What are the microvascular complications of diabetes?

Microvascular complications of diabetes are those long-term complications that affect small blood vessels. These typically include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Retinopathy is divided into two main categories: Nonproliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy.

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What are the consequences of type 1 diabetes?

Diabetes dramatically increases your risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and high blood pressure. Nerve damage (neuropathy).

What are the 4 most common leading complications of diabetes?

Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:

  1. Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke. …
  2. Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation. …
  3. Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease. …
  4. Eye problems.

What are foot complications?

Foot problems are caused by neuropathy, poor circulation or a combination of both. The loss of feeling that comes with neuropathy is especially dangerous, as you may not be aware of cuts, blisters and bruises. The loss of sensation can change the way you walk or can damage bones and joints.

What percent of diabetics have complications?

Between 60 and 70 percent of people with diabetes exhibit damage to their nervous systems that ranges from minor to severe.

What are the 3 types of diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).

  • Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin. …
  • Type 2 Diabetes. …
  • Gestational Diabetes.

Which type of diabetes is the most serious?

Type 2 diabetes is a serious medical condition that often requires the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, the development of type 2 diabetes and its side effects (complications) can be prevented if detected and treated at an early stage.

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What are the most common types of diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.

What is the most common microvascular complication of uncontrolled diabetes?

Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy ( Chapter 395) is a highly prevalent, pathognomonic, microvascular complication, eventually affecting more than 50% of patients with long-term diabetes, although it causes vision impairment less frequently.

What are three questions you should ask your diabetic patients to prevent microvascular complications?

Ask the following questions as appropriate:

  • When was the patient’s last dilated eye examination? What were the results?
  • Does the patient have known kidney disease?
  • What were the dates and results of the last measurements of urine protein and serum creatinine levels?

What is diabetic microangiopathy?

Diabetic microangiopathy, or small blood vessel disease, is related to disorders affecting arterioles, venules, and capillaries. It is thought that the disease is specific, occurring only in patients with diabetes mellitus.