You asked: How do you define diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.

What classifies someone as diabetic?

By definition, diabetes is: A blood glucose level of greater than or equal to 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood after an 8-hour fast (not eating anything) A non-fasting glucose level greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL, along with symptoms of diabetes.

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.

Specific diabetes due to other causes

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

How do I know if I’m diabetic?

Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, causes many of the warning signs of diabetes listed above, including:

  1. Heavy thirst.
  2. Blurry vision.
  3. Peeing a lot.
  4. More hunger.
  5. Numb or tingling feet.
  6. Fatigue.
  7. Sugar in your urine.
  8. Weight loss.
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What are the 3 stages of diabetes?

stage 1: defined as DCBD insulin resistance; stage 2: defined as DCBD prediabetes; stage 3: defined as DCBD type 2 diabetes; and. stage 4: defined as DCBD vascular complications, including retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy, and/or type 2 diabetes-related microvascular events.

What are the warning signs of prediabetes?

Warning signs of prediabetes

  • Blurry vision.
  • Cold hands and feet.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Increase in urinary tract infections.
  • Increased irritability, nervousness or anxiety.
  • Itchy skin.

Can you get diabetes from eating too much sugar?

Excessive amounts of added sugars have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, likely due to negative effects on the liver and a higher risk of obesity. Natural sugars like those found in fruits and vegetables are not linked to diabetes risk — whereas artificial sweeteners are.

What are the 7 types of diabetes?

In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.

  • Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
  • Neonatal diabetes.
  • Wolfram Syndrome.
  • Alström Syndrome.
  • Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
  • Type 3c diabetes.
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

What is the first stage of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.

What are the 10 early signs of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
  • Increased thirst. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Increased hunger. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
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How do you check for diabetes at home?

Home testing follows these general steps:

  1. Wash your hands.
  2. Put a lancet into the lancet device so that it’s ready to go.
  3. Place a new test strip into the meter.
  4. Prick your finger with the lancet in the protective lancing device.
  5. Carefully place the subsequent drop of blood onto the test strip and wait for the results.

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:

  1. Increased thirst.
  2. Frequent urination.
  3. Fatigue.
  4. Nausea and vomiting.
  5. Shortness of breath.
  6. Stomach pain.
  7. Fruity breath odor.
  8. A very dry mouth.

What is normal blood sugar by age?

Normal blood glucose levels for adults, without diabetes, is 90 to 110 mg/dL. Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugar here.

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents.

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents
Age 6-12 mg/dL
Fasting 80-180
Before meal 90-180
1-2 hours after eating Up to 140

What if diabetes is left untreated?

If left untreated, diabetes can lead to devastating complications, such as heart disease, nerve damage, blindness, kidney failure and amputations. And the risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50 percent higher than for adults without diabetes.

How many years can you live with diabetes?

The combined diabetic life expectancy is 74.64 years—comparable to the life expectancy in the general population.