It might lead to the baby being born early and also could cause seizures or a stroke (a blood clot or a bleed in the brain that can lead to brain damage) in the woman during labor and delivery. Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes have high blood pressure more often than women without diabetes.
Is type 1 diabetes a high risk pregnancy?
Pregnancies affected by T1DM are at increased risk for preterm delivery, preeclampsia, macrosomia, shoulder dystocia, intrauterine fetal demise, fetal growth restriction, cardiac and renal malformations, in addition to rare neural conditions such as sacral agenesis.
Why is diabetes a risk factor in pregnancy?
Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin. All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy. However, some women have insulin resistance even before they get pregnant. They start pregnancy with an increased need for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes.
Can type 1 diabetes cause birth defects?
A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that women with pre-existing diabetes are at an increased risk of having a baby with a birth defect, such as a defect of the brain, spine, or heart.
Why do Type 1 diabetics have big babies?
Women with type 1 diabetes are at higher risk of complications in pregnancy mainly because glucose levels are harder to control. Their babies are more likely to be larger than average, which can mean a difficult delivery, and need special care when born.
Can Type 1 diabetics give birth naturally?
Plenty of women, diabetic or not, set out with powerful intentions to give birth to their child vaginally and naturally. But the reason this all usually takes place in a hospital is because things can get complicated quickly. What’s most important is that you and your baby are healthy and safe.
Does type 1 diabetes affect fertility in females?
Conclusions: Type 1 diabetes compromises female fertility, even before it is diagnosed. Associated hyperthyroidism further reduces fertility. Blood glucose and thyroid function surveillance in infertile females may allow for an early diagnosis of type 1 diabetes and associated thyroid disease.
What birth defects are caused by diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies. Diabetes diagnosed before pregnancy was linked with about 50% of the birth defect categories analyzed.
How does diabetes affect the female reproductive system?
Diabetes and female sexual dysfunction
In the long term diabetes can affect the blood vessels and nerves of the female genitals. This can result in difficulties in arousal and lubrication. Diabetes is not the only cause of sexual dysfunction; psychological factors can also diminish arousal for instance.
What happens to babies born to diabetic mothers?
Babies born to mothers with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing low blood sugar or hypoglycemia shortly after birth and during the first few days of life, since they are already producing an excess of insulin.
Can diabetes cause a miscarriage?
Women with diabetes are at a much greater risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and neonatal fatalities than women without diabetes. So, if you have diabetes and are planning on getting pregnant, it’s best to partner with us early so we can help you prepare your body for what’s ahead.
Does insulin affect the baby?
Insulin is the traditional first-choice drug for blood sugar control during pregnancy because it is the most effective for fine-tuning blood sugar and it doesn’t cross the placenta. Therefore, it is safe for the baby.
Can diabetics have healthy babies?
Women who have type 1 diabetes can have a safe pregnancy and a healthy baby, but it’s important to monitor diabetes complications that could worsen throughout pregnancy, such as high blood pressure, vision loss, and kidney disease.