Diabetes affects your heart and your whole circulation. That includes small blood vessels in your kidneys, eyes, and nerves, and the big ones that feed your heart and brain and keep you alive. The damage starts with high blood sugar (glucose) and insulin levels.
What 3 organs are affected by diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Also, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases.
Who is most commonly affected by diabetes?
Diabetes is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander. Physical inactivity and certain health problems such as high blood pressure affect your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Does diabetes affect the pancreas?
Diabetes is linked with the pancreas and insulin. Too little insulin can cause periods of high blood sugar, which are responsible for the symptoms of diabetes. Over time, repeated episodes of high blood sugar can cause serious complications, which is why people with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar levels.
What organ does diabetes come from?
An organ in your body called the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that controls the levels of your blood sugar. When you have too little insulin in your body, or when insulin doesn’t work right in your body, you can have diabetes, the condition where you have abnormally high glucose or sugar levels in your blood.
How does diabetes affect the body?
About diabetes – long-term effects
Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body’s organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.
What is the main cause of diabetes?
Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.
Is diabetes more common in males or females?
Men are almost twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as women. Having overweight or obesity is considered a primary risk factor for diabetes. However, obesity rates are similar between men and women in the U.S. This suggests that the relationship between sex, weight, and diabetes may be more nuanced.
What organ uses insulin?
Your pancreas is an organ that sits just behind your stomach. It releases insulin to control the level of glucose in your blood.
What organs control blood sugar?
The pancreas secretes insulin and glucagon. Both hormones work in balance to play a vital role in regulating blood sugar levels.
Which organ produces insulin and glucagon?
This is the first section of the small intestine. The main hormones secreted by the endocrine gland in the pancreas are insulin and glucagon, which regulate the level of glucose in the blood, and somatostatin, which prevents the release of insulin and glucagon.
Why does diabetes affect the kidneys?
Over time, poorly controlled diabetes can cause damage to blood vessel clusters in your kidneys that filter waste from your blood. This can lead to kidney damage and cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause further kidney damage by increasing the pressure in the delicate filtering system of the kidneys.
How does diabetes affect the digestive system?
Nausea, heartburn, or bloating can have many causes, but for people with diabetes, these common digestion issues shouldn’t be ignored. That’s because high blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition that affects how you digest your food. Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis.