Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
What is the former name of type 1 diabetes?
Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), also known as type 1 diabetes, usually starts before 15 years of age, but can occur in adults also. Diabetes involves the pancreas gland, which is located behind the stomach (Picture 1).
What did they call diabetes in the old days?
Diabetes: Its Beginnings
Centuries later, people known as “water tasters” diagnosed diabetes by tasting the urine of people suspected to have it. If urine tasted sweet, diabetes was diagnosed. To acknowledge this feature, in 1675 the word “mellitus,” meaning honey, was added to the name “diabetes,” meaning siphon.
What is the history of type 1 diabetes?
Over 3,000 years ago, the ancient Egyptians mentioned a condition that appears to have been type 1 diabetes. It featured excessive urination, thirst, and weight loss. The writers recommended following a diet of whole grains to reduce the symptoms.
What was Type 2 diabetes originally called?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
How did type 1 diabetes get its name?
When the urine was examined they found the urine had a sweet taste. What made the urine sweet were high levels of glucose, or sugar. That is how this discovery of sweet urine became part of the name, diabetes mellitus.
What is the difference between type 1 diabetes and type2?
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
What mellitus means?
: a variable disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors and usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, by excessive urine production, by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine, and by thirst, hunger, and loss of weight — …
When was insulin first discovered?
Insulin was discovered by Sir Frederick G Banting (pictured), Charles H Best and JJR Macleod at the University of Toronto in 1921 and it was subsequently purified by James B Collip. Before 1921, it was exceptional for people with type 1 diabetes to live more than a year or two.
What is the meaning of insipidus?
“Insipidus” comes from Latin language insipidus (tasteless), from Latin: in- “not” + sapidus “tasty” from sapere “have a taste” — the full meaning is “lacking flavor or zest; not tasty”.
How was diabetes treated in the 1950s?
In the 1950s, the method a person used to control his blood glucose levels was to drop a reagent tablet into a small test tube containing a few drops of urine mixed with water. The resulting colour – from dark blue to orange – indicated the amount of sugar in the urine.
What happened to diabetics before insulin was discovered?
Before insulin was discovered in 1921, people with diabetes didn’t live for long; there wasn’t much doctors could do for them. The most effective treatment was to put patients with diabetes on very strict diets with minimal carbohydrate intake. This could buy patients a few extra years but couldn’t save them.
What are the 4 types of diabetes?
All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.
Specific diabetes due to other causes
- Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
- Neonatal diabetes. …
- Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
- Steroid-induced diabetes.
What are the 7 types of diabetes?
In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes.
- Wolfram Syndrome.
- Alström Syndrome.
- Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
- Type 3c diabetes.
- Steroid-induced diabetes.