A serum fructosamine level is used to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes in most feline cases. Serum fructosamine concentrations are probably the most reliable and easiest way of evaluating your cat’s response to insulin therapy and are evaluated in conjunction with blood glucose curves and recheck examinations.
How do you diagnose diabetes in a cat?
Your veterinarian will diagnose diabetes mellitus by demonstrating persistently elevated glucose levels in a cat’s blood and urine. This testing, along with consistent clinical signs, will lead to the diagnosis of diabetes.
What is normal glucose level in cats?
The normal level of glucose in the blood is 80-120 mg/dl (4.4-6.6 mmol/L). It may rise to 250-300 mg/dl (13.6-16.5 mmol/L) following a large or high-calorie meal. However, diabetes is the only common disease that will cause the blood glucose level to rise above 400 mg/dl (22 mmol/L).
How does a cat feel with diabetes?
The four main symptoms of diabetes mellitus are increased thirst, increased urination, weight loss, and increased appetite. Because of the nature of cats, these signs may go unnoticed, especially in the early stages of disease or if a cat spends a lot of time outdoors.
What are the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis in cats?
Cats affected with diabetic ketoacidosis are likely to present with one or more of the following symptoms:
- Excessive Thirst.
- Refusal to drink water.
- Refusal to eat.
- Sudden weight loss.
How long can a cat go untreated diabetes?
Average length of life after diagnosis is variable dependent on which study is examined, however, average lifespans of up to around three years are reported in some studies. Considering that diabetes is more common in older cats, this length of time can often represent something approaching a normal lifespan.
Is a cat with diabetes in pain?
A common condition seen in cats is diabetes, and a tingling and pain in the hind legs is one form of neuropathic pain.
Are cats with diabetes always hungry?
Increased hunger is a common sign of diabetes because food ingested cannot be used as energy. Usually there are other initial signs like increased urination, thirst and weight loss. Cats can have vomiting and lethargy, and become extremely sick, if left untreated.
What triggers diabetes in cats?
Causes of Type 1 and Type 2 cat diabetes
The biggest factor under our control is a cat’s weight. Overweight cats secrete too much of some hormones and not enough of others, causing the body to not respond as well to insulin. Feeding a high-carbohydrate diet can also predispose a cat to becoming diabetic.
How do you know if your pet has diabetes?
What are the signs of diabetes in pets?
- Excessive water drinking and increased urination.
- Weight loss, even though there may be an increased appetite.
- Decreased appetite.
- Cloudy eyes (especially in dogs)
- Chronic or recurring infections (including skin infections and urinary infections)