What statement best describes both insulin and glucagon?

Which statement best describes both insulin and glucagon? They both provide structural support, but only insulin is a carbohydrate. They both store energy, but only glucagon is a carbohydrate. They are both hormones that regulate blood-sugar levels.

What is the role of glucagon and insulin quizlet?

Insulin is secreted by the pancreas when the blood glucose levels are high causing cells to increase their uptake of glucose. Glucagon is produced by the pancreas and it stimulates the liver to break down glycogen to glucose.

Which statement best describes the action of glucagon?

Answer – D – Glucagon releases glycogen stores from the liver to raise glucose levels. It stimulates the liver to transform its glycogen stores back into glucose, which can then be released back into the bloodstream.

What stimulates both insulin and glucagon secretion?

Protein-rich meals stimulate secretion of insulin, glucagon, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) from the endocrine pancreas.

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How do glucagon and insulin compare in terms of their effects on the body quizlet?

Insulin stimulates the uptake and storage of glucose from the blood by cells in the body. This results in increased glycogenesis as well as fatty acid synthesis. Glucagon stimulates the production of glucose via gluconeogenesis by the liver as well as fatty acid and amino acid catabolism for energy.

How do insulin and glucagon differ?

Insulin allows the cells to absorb glucose from the blood, while glucagon triggers a release of stored glucose from the liver. Everyone who has type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes will need to supplement their insulin and manage their blood sugar through diet and regular exercise.

Which statement best describes both insulin and glucagon quizlet?

They both store energy, but only glucagon is a carbohydrate. They are both hormones that regulate blood-sugar levels. They are both hormones that help fight disease.

Which statement best describes the action of glucagon quizlet?

Which statement best describes the action of glucagon? Liver cells convert glycogen to glucose, raising blood sugar. Hormonal release is constant and is not effected by sensory input.

Which statement best describes the action of insulin?

Which best describes the action of insulin? Signals a receptor on fat or muscle cells that allow glucose to enter the cell. Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans within the pancreas. Insulin signals a receptor on fat/muscle cells that allows glucose to enter the cell.

How does insulin and glucagon work together?

Glucagon works along with the hormone insulin to control blood sugar levels and keep them within set levels. Glucagon is released to stop blood sugar levels dropping too low (hypoglycaemia), while insulin is released to stop blood sugar levels rising too high (hyperglycaemia).

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How does glucagon stimulate insulin secretion?

Glucagon also activates specific G-protein coupled receptors on pancreatic β-cells leading to activation of adenylate cyclase and subsequent stimulation of insulin secretion (14).

What is the main function of glucagon quizlet?

Glucagon is a protein secreted by the alpha cells of the pancreas. When released, glucagon results in blood glucose elevation by increasing the breakdown of glycogen to glucose (glycogenolysis) and stimulating glucose synthesis (gluconeogenesis).

How are glucagon and insulin secretion controlled quizlet?

When blood glucose levels fall below a certain threshold value, the hypothalamus activates the sympathetic nervous system. … The sympathetic nervous system acts on pancreatic islets to stimulate glucagon release and inhibit insulin release.

What effect does insulin have on the body quizlet?

what effect does insulin have on the body? Insulin helps control blood glucose levels by signaling the liver and muscle and fat cells to take in glucose from the blood. Insulin therefore helps cells to take in glucose to be used for energy.

Which are effects are effects of insulin quizlet?

What does insulin do? maintains blood glucose levels during the fasting state; promotes the breakdown of triglycerides to fatty acids in adipose tissue – this releases free fatty acids into the circulation and promotes oxidation of fatty acids for energy in liver and other tissues, thus sparing glucose.