Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Also, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases.
What body systems are affected by diabetes?
Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body’s organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.
How does type 2 diabetes affect the circulatory system?
Over time, high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart. People with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease: High blood pressure increases the force of blood through your arteries and can damage artery walls.
How does type 2 diabetes affect the endocrine system?
The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which allows glucose from the bloodstream to enter the body’s cells where it is used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, too little insulin is produced, or the body cannot use insulin properly, or both. This results in a build-up of glucose in the blood.
How does diabetes affect the digestive system?
Nausea, heartburn, or bloating can have many causes, but for people with diabetes, these common digestion issues shouldn’t be ignored. That’s because high blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition that affects how you digest your food. Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis.
Why does diabetes affect the kidneys?
Over time, poorly controlled diabetes can cause damage to blood vessel clusters in your kidneys that filter waste from your blood. This can lead to kidney damage and cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause further kidney damage by increasing the pressure in the delicate filtering system of the kidneys.
How does type 2 diabetes affect the heart?
It makes your heart work harder than usual and damages your blood vessels. Most people with type 2 diabetes also have high blood pressure. Together, they put a lot of extra strain on your heart, boosting your chance of having serious issues like heart disease and stroke. Peripheral artery disease (PAD).
How does type 2 diabetes affect the pancreas?
Type 2 diabetes
While the pancreas may still produce the hormone, the body’s cells cannot use it effectively. As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin to meet the body’s needs, and it is often unable to keep up with the increased demand. With an insufficient amount of insulin in the body, diabetes develops.
What happens in the body to cause type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach, can’t produce enough insulin to control your blood glucose level, or when the cells in your body don’t respond properly to the insulin that is produced. This means your blood glucose levels may become very high, and is known as hyperglycaemia.
Does liver problems cause diabetes?
Fatty liver disease itself usually causes no symptoms. But it raises your risk of developing liver inflammation or scarring (cirrhosis). It’s also linked to an increased risk of liver cancer, heart disease and kidney disease. Fatty liver disease may even play a role in the development of type 2 diabetes.
Why does diabetes cause abdominal pain?
High blood sugar from diabetes can cause chemical changes in the vagus nerve, which connects the brainstem to the gastrointestinal tract. This impedes the vagus nerve’s normal ability to send messages that prompt the stomach muscles to empty the stomach.
Can diabetes 2 cause indigestion?
Up to 75 percent of people with diabetes have some type of GI issue. Common symptoms include: heartburn. diarrhea.
Can diabetes 2 cause bowel problems?
When diabetes damages the nerves going to your stomach and intestines, they may not be able to move food through normally. This causes constipation, but you can also get alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea, especially at night.