Diabetes Mellitus include increased blood sugar level, glucose in the urine, excessive urine, excessive thirst, excessive appetite. Diabetes Insipidus includes the secretion of a large quantity of dilute glucose-free urine, excessive thirst, and dehydration. It is caused due to insulin deficiency.
What is the main difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes mellitus is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It’s when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that has nothing to do with the pancreas or blood sugar.
How would other characteristics of the urine differ between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes mellitus would result in urine containing glucose, and diabetes insipidus would produce urine with very low osmolarity (low specific gravity, dilute).
What are the causes for diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus?
Types include: Central diabetes insipidus. Damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus from surgery, a tumor, head injury or illness can cause central diabetes insipidus by affecting the usual production, storage and release of ADH . An inherited genetic disease also can cause this condition.
What are the 3 P’s of diabetes insipidus?
The three P’s of diabetes are polydipsia, polyuria, and polyphagia. These terms correspond to increases in thirst, urination, and appetite, respectively. The three P’s often — but not always — occur together.
What is the difference between diabetes mellitus?
The term diabetes is derived from Latin (originally Greek) and means “to go through or siphon,” referring to a large amount of urine produced by the kidneys. The term mellitus, in Latin, means “sweet.” Diabetes mellitus causes high blood glucose levels and glucose eventually spills into the urine.
What is the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes type 2?
It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes. That’s because it used to start almost always in middle- and late-adulthood. However, more and more children and teens are developing this condition.
Can you have both diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus?
Only about 50 cases have been described (1-11). The simultaneous occurrence of the two dis- orders has been considered fortuitous except in a case described by Natelson (2) in which a hyperfunctioning eosinophilic adenoma of the pituitary caused the onset of both diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.
What is the most common cause of diabetes insipidus?
The 3 most common causes of cranial diabetes insipidus are: a brain tumour that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. a severe head injury that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. complications that occur during brain or pituitary surgery.
What are the 4 types of diabetes insipidus?
Problems with a part of your brain that controls thirst can also cause diabetes insipidus. Specific causes vary among the four types of diabetes insipidus: central, nephrogenic, dipsogenic, and gestational.
Why is it called diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus literally means passing lots of insipid or ‘tasteless’ urine. In the general population it is very uncommon, but plenty of patients with pituitary disease have diabetes insipidus.
What symptoms do diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus have in common?
Diabetes insipidus (DI) is an uncommon condition in which the kidneys are unable to prevent the excretion of water. DI is not the same as diabetes mellitus types 1 and 2. However, untreated, both DI and diabetes mellitus cause constant thirst and frequent urination.