Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.
What is Type 1 diabetes in detail?
Type 1 diabetes is a serious condition where your blood glucose (sugar) level is too high because your body can’t make a hormone called insulin. This happens because your body attacks the cells in your pancreas that make the insulin, meaning you can’t produce any at all. We all need insulin to live.
What is type 1 diabetes and how is it caused?
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells. This process can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear.
How do you explain diabetes to a classroom?
- Ask ahead of time if you can present to the school or class on Type 1 diabetes.
- Pick a date and time, place and format for the presentation. …
- Discuss what topics to present with your child. …
- Keep the presentation short – about 15-20 minutes, including a Q & A.
What is difference between Type 1 and 2 diabetes?
People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.
Do Type 1 diabetics need sugar?
People who have type 1 diabetes can’t use glucose (the body’s main type of sugar) for energy. That’s because their body stopped making the hormone insulin. Normally, after we eat, the amount of glucose in the blood (blood sugar) goes up.
How is type one diabetes diagnosed?
The primary screening test for type 1 diabetes is the random blood-sugar test, which tells physicians the amount of glucose circulating in a person’s blood at a specific moment in time. A blood-sugar level of 200 milligrams per deciliter suggests diabetes. The secondary test is a glycated hemoglobin test, or A1C test.
Is type 1 diabetes curable?
Following the treatment plan can help a person stay healthy, but it’s not a cure for diabetes. Right now, there’s no cure for diabetes, so people with type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives.
What are the three common causes of type 1 diabetes?
Some known risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
- Family history. Anyone with a parent or sibling with type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the condition.
- Genetics. The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
- Geography. …
What is the main cause of diabetes?
Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.
Is type 1 diabetes caused by too much sugar?
There are two main types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2 diabetes. We know that sugar does not cause type 1 diabetes, nor is it caused by anything else in your lifestyle. In type 1 diabetes, the insulin producing cells in your pancreas are destroyed by your immune system.
How do children with diabetes learn?
To help, try to make blood sugar testing and giving insulin part of your child’s daily routine, like diaper changes or going down for a nap. Perform diabetes care quickly and gently, in a soothing manner, and reassure your child with calming words afterward. Preschoolers still rely on parents for their diabetes care.
What teachers should know about Type 1 Diabetes?
13 Things All Teachers Should Know About Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. …
- Excessive urination, thirst and hunger are all symptoms of T1D. …
- Children with diabetes need to eat throughout the day. …
- Sugary snacks aren’t completely off-limits.
How can I help a student with type 1 diabetes?
Support the student’s self-care by allowing blood sugar monitoring at any time or anywhere, respecting the student’s wish for privacy. Know that a student may need to eat outside a planned meal or snack time. Ensure that the student has unrestricted bathroom access, as well as access to water at all times.