If you develop severe hypoglycemia, you may be too confused or disoriented to eat or drink. In some cases, you may develop seizures or lose consciousness. If this happens, it’s important for you to receive glucagon treatment. This hormone signals your liver to release stored glucose, raising your blood sugar level.
How do you treat a conscious patient with hypoglycemia?
If you have symptoms of hypoglycemia, do the following: Eat or drink 15 to 20 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates. These are sugary foods without protein or fat that are easily converted to sugar in the body. Try glucose tablets or gel, fruit juice, regular — not diet — soft drinks, honey, and sugary candy.
What is the name of the treatment medication for hypoglycaemia if the patient is conscious?
If hypoglycaemia causes a loss of consciousness, an injection of the hormone glucagon can be given to raise blood glucose levels and restore consciousness.
When treating hypoglycaemia in a fully conscious child you should?
If the child is conscious and able to drink, glucose or sucrose should be given orally or by nasogastric tube followed by small and frequent feedings with F-75 therapeutic milk. If the child is unconscious, glucose should be given intravenously, or glucose or sucrose by nasogastric tube.
How do nurses treat hypoglycemia?
Nursing management includes administering glucose tablets (approximately three), glucose gel, or carbohydrates for the conscious patient. Carbohydrates may consist of 4 to 6 ounces of fruit juice or soda (not sugar-free), saltine crackers, or hard candy (only if the patient is alert).
What is glucagon injection?
Glucagon injection is an emergency medicine used to treat severe hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) in diabetes patients treated with insulin who have passed out or cannot take some form of sugar by mouth.
How is hypo treated NHS?
How to treat a low blood sugar level yourself
- Have a sugary drink or snack – like a small glass of fizzy drink (not a diet variety) or fruit juice, 4 to 5 jelly babies, 3 to 6 glucose tablets or 1 to 2 tubes of glucose gel.
- Test your blood sugar after 10 minutes – if it’s improved and you feel better, move on to step 3.
What are the management of hypoglycemia in conscious and unconscious?
You can manage mild hypoglycemia by eating fast-acting carbohydrates. This will help boost your blood sugar levels quickly. If you become too disoriented to swallow, start having seizures, or lose consciousness, you won’t be able to safely eat or drink carbohydrates. Instead, someone will need to give you glucagon.
What medical conditions can cause hypoglycemia?
Other health issues can also cause hypoglycemia, including:
- Drinking too much alcohol. When a person’s blood sugar levels are low, the pancreas releases a hormone called glucagon. …
- Medication. …
- Anorexia. …
- Hepatitis. …
- Adrenal or pituitary gland disorders. …
- Kidney problems. …
- Pancreatic tumor.
What is insulin therapy used for?
Insulin therapy helps prevent diabetes complications by keeping your blood sugar within your target range.
What is a glucagon emergency kit?
The Glucagon Emergency Kit contains glucagon for injection. Glucagon triggers the liver to release stored sugar, which raises blood sugar in the event of a severe hypoglycemic episode. The Glucagon Emergency Kit. Be Prepared. For patients with diabetes, a hypoglycemic episode can occur anywhere, anytime.
How do you manage a patient with hyperglycemia?
- Get physical. Regular exercise is often an effective way to control your blood sugar. …
- Take your medication as directed. …
- Follow your diabetes eating plan. …
- Check your blood sugar. …
- Adjust your insulin doses to control hyperglycemia.
How do hospitals prevent hypoglycemia?
Recent studies show that “safe and effective glucose control” (15) can be facilitated and hypoglycemia can be prevented through tactics such as appropriate monitoring, ensuring adequate caloric intake, coordinating the timing and amount of insulin given with carbohydrate intake, and using basal-bolus insulin rather …
Which site should be used for injecting insulin?
The preferred site for insulin injection is your abdomen. Insulin is absorbed more quickly and predictably there, and this part of your body is also easy to reach. Select a site between the bottom of your ribs and your pubic area, steering clear of the 2-inch area surrounding your navel.