What is the most common emergency complication of type 2 diabetes?

Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, is a life-threatening emergency caused when you don’t have enough insulin and your liver has to break down fat into ketones for energy, but too fast for the body to handle. A buildup of ketones can change your blood chemistry and poison you.

What is the most common complication of type 2 diabetes?

Here are six common complications of type 2 diabetes and steps you can take to lower your risk.

  1. Heart disease. People with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of heart disease, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). …
  2. Stroke. …
  3. Kidney disease. …
  4. High blood pressure. …
  5. Eye damage. …
  6. Foot problems.

What is the most life threatening complication of diabetes?

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a common and life-threatening complication of type 1 diabetes, particularly at the time of diag- nosis. DKA is less common at diagnosis and during the course of type 2 diabetes.

What are the 4 most common leading complications of diabetes?

Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:

  1. Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke. …
  2. Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation. …
  3. Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease. …
  4. Eye problems.
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What is the most serious short-term complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus?

Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.

What are the two emergency complications of untreated diabetes mellitus?

Long-term complications of untreated hyperglycemia can include: Cardiovascular disease. Nerve damage (neuropathy) Kidney damage (diabetic nephropathy) or kidney failure.

Can Type 2 diabetes cause sepsis?

Patients with diabetes mellitus have an increased risk of developing infections and sepsis and they constitute 20.1-22.7% of all sepsis patients. Infection also remains an important cause of death in diabetics.

What complications can diabetes cause?

Complications

  • Cardiovascular disease. …
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy). …
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy). …
  • Eye damage (retinopathy). …
  • Foot damage. …
  • Skin conditions. …
  • Hearing impairment. …
  • Alzheimer’s disease.

What are the microvascular complications of diabetes?

Microvascular complications of diabetes are those long-term complications that affect small blood vessels. These typically include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Retinopathy is divided into two main categories: Nonproliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy.

How is type 2 diabetes prevented?

13 Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes

  1. Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet. …
  2. Work Out Regularly. …
  3. Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage. …
  4. Lose Weight If You’re Overweight or Obese. …
  5. Quit Smoking. …
  6. Follow a Very-Low-Carb Diet. …
  7. Watch Portion Sizes. …
  8. Avoid Sedentary Behaviors.

What is the first complication of diabetes?

The most common early complication of diabetes, related to insulin treatment, is hypoglycemia. Mild hypoglycemic reactions, consisting of headache, tremors, abdominal pain, or mood changes, are considered a part of tight control.

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How is type 2 diabetes caused?

It’s caused by problems with a chemical in the body (hormone) called insulin. It’s often linked to being overweight or inactive, or having a family history of type 2 diabetes.

What are the short term effects of type 2 diabetes?

Short-term complications include frequent urination, increased thirst, blurred vision, fatigue and headache. Keeping tight control of your blood sugar is one of the most important things a diabetic patient needs to do to avoid more serious complications from developing.

Is type 2 diabetes serious?

Type 2 diabetes is a serious medical condition that often requires the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control. However, the development of type 2 diabetes and its side effects (complications) can be prevented if detected and treated at an early stage.