What is the basic definition of diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.

Specific diabetes due to other causes

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

What is the main cause of diabetes?

Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.

What are the 3 stages of diabetes?

stage 1: defined as DCBD insulin resistance; stage 2: defined as DCBD prediabetes; stage 3: defined as DCBD type 2 diabetes; and. stage 4: defined as DCBD vascular complications, including retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy, and/or type 2 diabetes-related microvascular events.

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What are 3 types of diabetes?

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).

  • Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin. …
  • Type 2 Diabetes. …
  • Gestational Diabetes.

What are three causes of diabetes?

It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:

  • Weight. The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
  • Inactivity. …
  • Family history. …
  • Race or ethnicity. …
  • Age. …
  • Gestational diabetes. …
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome. …
  • High blood pressure.

What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
  • Increased thirst. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Increased hunger. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.

What are the 7 types of diabetes?

In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.

  • Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
  • Neonatal diabetes.
  • Wolfram Syndrome.
  • Alström Syndrome.
  • Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
  • Type 3c diabetes.
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

What are the two main types of diabetes?

The two types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. Both make blood sugar levels higher than normal but they do so in different ways. Type 1 diabetes happens when the immune system attacks and destroys the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin.

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What is the first stage of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.

What is difference between diabetes 1and 2?

The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.

What are the 6 types of diabetes?

Do You Know the Six Classifications of Diabetes?

  • Type 1 Diabetes – Insulin Dependence. …
  • Type 2 Diabetes – Insulin Resistance. …
  • Type 3 Diabetes – Brain Diabetes. …
  • Gestational Diabetes – During Pregnancy. …
  • LADA – Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults. …
  • Double Diabetes – Type 1 with Insulin Resistance.

What are the levels of diabetes?

Fasting blood sugar test.

A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.