What is diabetes mellitus discuss its types and metabolic complications?

What is diabetes mellitus and its complications?

Diabetes mellitus is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, and it is a major risk factor for early onset of coronary heart disease. Complications of diabetes are retinopathy, nephropathy, and peripheral neuropathy.

What are the metabolic disorders in diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders of carbohydrate metabolism characterized by high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) and usually resulting from insufficient production of the hormone insulin (type 1 diabetes) or an ineffective response of cells to insulin (type 2 diabetes).

What do you mean by diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus (sometimes called “sugar diabetes”) is a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose (a type of sugar) normally. Glucose is the main source of energy for the body’s cells. The levels of glucose in the blood are controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is made by the pancreas.

What is diabetes mellitus and classification?

The vast majority of diabetic patients are classified into one of two broad categories: type 1 diabetes mellitus, which is caused by an absolute or near absolute deficiency of insulin, or type 2 diabetes mellitus, which is characterized by the presence of insulin resistance with an inadequate compensatory increase in …

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What are the types of complications of diabetes?

Complications

  • Cardiovascular disease. …
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy). …
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy). …
  • Eye damage (retinopathy). …
  • Foot damage. …
  • Skin conditions. …
  • Hearing impairment. …
  • Alzheimer’s disease.

What is the first complication of diabetes?

The most common early complication of diabetes, related to insulin treatment, is hypoglycemia. Mild hypoglycemic reactions, consisting of headache, tremors, abdominal pain, or mood changes, are considered a part of tight control.

Why is type 2 diabetes a metabolic disease?

T2D is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell dysfunction as a consequence of unsettled hyperglycemia[4,5]. In response to nutrient spill over in the setting of insulin resistance and eventual β-cell dysfunction, the general fuel homoeostasis of body is altered[2].

How does type 2 diabetes affect carbohydrate metabolism?

Carbohydrate metabolism is important in the development of type 2 diabetes, which occurs when the body can’t make enough insulin or can’t properly use the insulin it makes. Type 2 diabetes usually develops gradually over a number of years, beginning when muscle and other cells stop responding to insulin.

What is the metabolic disease?

Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of conditions that occur together, increasing your risk of heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. These conditions include increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess body fat around the waist, and abnormal cholesterol or triglyceride levels.

What are the 5 different types of diabetes?

In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.

  • Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
  • Neonatal diabetes.
  • Wolfram Syndrome.
  • Alström Syndrome.
  • Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
  • Type 3c diabetes.
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.
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What are the 4 types of diabetes?

All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.

Specific diabetes due to other causes

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It’s when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that has nothing to do with the pancreas or blood sugar.

What is diabetes mellitus Pubmed?

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease of inadequate control of blood levels of glucose. It has many subclassifications, including type 1, type 2, maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), gestational diabetes, neonatal diabetes, and steroid-induced diabetes.

What are the 6 types of diabetes?

Do You Know the Six Classifications of Diabetes?

  • Type 1 Diabetes – Insulin Dependence. …
  • Type 2 Diabetes – Insulin Resistance. …
  • Type 3 Diabetes – Brain Diabetes. …
  • Gestational Diabetes – During Pregnancy. …
  • LADA – Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults. …
  • Double Diabetes – Type 1 with Insulin Resistance.

What is diabetes Pubmed?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.