Insulin is a hormone that helps the body manage blood sugar when a person injects it. The area of skin through which the injection occurs can change its effects. A person cannot take insulin as a pill or oral medication. The enzymes in the stomach would break down the insulin before it reaches the bloodstream.
What happens when you inject insulin?
It works by helping move sugar from the blood into other body tissues where it is used for energy. It also stops the liver from producing more sugar. All of the types of insulin that are available work in this way.
Where should you not inject insulin?
Do not inject near joints, the groin area, the navel, the middle of the abdomen, or scar tissue. You will also need to rotate, or switch, your injection sites. If you use the same injection site over and over again, you may develop hardened areas under your skin that keep the insulin from working properly.
Does insulin damage your body?
Because of the largely unrestricted insulin signaling, hyperinsulinemia increases the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease and decreases health span and life expectancy. In epidemiological studies, high-dose insulin therapy is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
How does insulin make you feel?
A buildup of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) can cause complications like nerve damage (neuropathy), kidney damage, and eye problems. Symptoms of high blood glucose include excessive thirst and frequent urination. Too little glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia) can make you feel irritable, tired, or confused.
Can I inject insulin in my thigh?
You can rotate to different areas of your abdomen, keeping injection sites about an inch apart. Or you can inject insulin into other parts of your body, including your thigh, arm, and buttocks.
Does insulin make you gain weight?
Weight gain is a common side effect for people who take insulin — a hormone that regulates the absorption of sugar (glucose) by cells. This can be frustrating because maintaining a healthy weight is an important part of your overall diabetes management plan.
What is the side effects of insulin?
Insulin regular (human) side effects
- dizziness or lightheadedness.
- fast heart rate.
- tingling in your hands, feet, lips, or tongue.
- trouble concentrating or confusion.
- blurred vision.
Does insulin make you tired?
Insulin Resistance Symptoms
Generally, insulin resistance develops slowly and does not cause obvious symptoms. It can make you feel tired and low in energy.
Can insulin damage kidneys?
Insulin is a hormone. It controls how much sugar is in your blood. A high level of sugar in your blood can cause problems in many parts of your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and brain. Over time, this can lead to kidney disease and kidney failure.
What happens if I take insulin and I’m not diabetic?
When non-diabetic takes insulin
An insulin overdose, especially for one with no diabetes, can be extremely dangerous, and lead to a coma or worse, doctors warn.
Why does it burn when I inject my insulin?
Burning. Some insulin can burn during or immediately after injection. This is common in long-acting insulins like Lantus and Basalgar because they have a high acidity level.
Does insulin change your mood?
Individuals with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and their healthcare practitioners believe that extreme blood glucose (BG) fluctuations are characterized by changes in subjective mood states and emotional behavior, as well as physical symptoms.
Is insulin injection painful?
According to the results, injections were relatively painless with an average (median) pain-score of less than 10% of maximum pain. Injection pains varied in relation to the injection sites (upper arm greater than thigh greater than abdomen).