Intravenous fluids to restore water to your tissues. Potassium, sodium or phosphate supplements to help your cells function correctly. Insulin to help your tissues absorb the glucose in your blood.
What to do if a diabetic is unconscious?
What Should You Do If Someone Goes Into A Diabetic Coma?
- Call 911. “A coma is a medical emergency. …
- Test The Person’s Blood Sugar. “If you have an idea of how to care for somebody with diabetes, call 911, and then try to test her blood sugar,” suggests Greta. …
- Move The Person To A Safe Position.
What fluid do you give a patient with hyperglycemic coma?
According to American Diabetes Association guidelines, fluid resuscitation with 0.9% saline at the rate of 15-20 mL/kg/h or greater is indicated to expand the extracellular volume quickly in the first hour. This amounts to about 1-1.5 L in an average-sized person.
What would you give a conscious casualty with low blood glucose levels?
If a casualty is conscious and signs suggest low blood sugar:
- Give them sugary drinks or foods in 15 minute intervals until they recover or medical assistance arrives.
- Seek medical assistance if required.
What is a glucagon emergency kit?
The Glucagon Emergency Kit contains glucagon for injection. Glucagon triggers the liver to release stored sugar, which raises blood sugar in the event of a severe hypoglycemic episode. The Glucagon Emergency Kit. Be Prepared. For patients with diabetes, a hypoglycemic episode can occur anywhere, anytime.
How do you treat an unconscious patient with hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycaemia which causes unconsciousness or fitting is an emergency
- In hypoglycaemia, if sugar cannot be given by mouth, glucagon can be given by injection. …
- Carbohydrates should be given as soon as possible to restore liver glycogen.
How do you deal with hypoglycemia for an unconscious person?
If the person is unconscious, having seizures, or too disoriented to swallow
- Locate a glucagon emergency kit or glucagon nasal powder, if it’s available. …
- Administer the glucagon emergency kit or glucagon nasal powder. …
- Turn the person on their side. …
- Call 911 or your local number for emergency medical services.
How do you give a diabetic first aid?
- Follow the Basic First Aid Plan to assess the casualty.
- Give high-energy foods or sugar.
- Only give food if the casualty is conscious.
- If medical aid is delayed give sugar every 15 minutes.
- The casualty will recover quickly if low blood sugar level is the cause.
What should be in a diabetic emergency kit?
1. The Basic Diabetes Emergency Kit
- An easily identifiable bag.
- A backup meter with strips and lances.
- A small container with a lid for used sharps and strips.
- Alcohol swaps.
- A Glucagon kit.
- Glucose gel, tabs, or other easily consumable preportioned snacks like a box of raisins.
- A small supply of medications.
How much sugar do you give someone in a diabetic emergency?
What you can do: Ask them to check their blood sugar if you think they’re going “low.” Help them get what they need to follow the 15/15 rule: Eat 15 grams of fast-acting carbs (3-4 glucose tablets or gels, 4 ounces of fruit juice or regular soda, or a tablespoon of honey or sugar) and wait 15 minutes.
What is glucagon 1mg?
GlucaGen® is a prescription medicine used to treat very low blood sugar (severe hypoglycemia) in people with diabetes and as a diagnostic aid during certain radiologic tests to temporarily stop stomach movement in adults.
Where should glucagon be injected?
Glucagon is given just like an injection of insulin and can be given in the buttock, upper arm, or thigh. Follow these steps to give the injection: Follow the instructions on the glucagon kit to mix the powder and the liquid. Choose a clean site for the shot on the buttock, upper arm, or thigh.
How is glucagon emergency kit administered?
You will inject the glucagon into the person’s thigh or buttock. Clean the injection site with an alcohol swab. If you don’t have an alcohol swab, skip this step. Insert the needle into the person’s skin in one quick motion at a 90 degree angle (straight up and down, see Figure 6).