What complications can type 1 diabetes cause?

What are 5 complications of type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 Diabetes Complications

  • Cardiovascular disease. Diabetes can put you at higher risk of blood clots, as well as high blood pressure and cholesterol. …
  • Skin problems. …
  • Gum disease. …
  • Pregnancy problems. …
  • Retinopathy. …
  • Kidney damage. …
  • Poor blood flow and nerve damage.

What is the number 1 complication of diabetes?

Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis). If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to have heart disease or stroke. Nerve damage (neuropathy).

Which is the most common complication expected in patients with type 1 diabetes?

Nerve damage, blindness, and kidney disease are common complications of type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes lack the hormone insulin, which regulates the body’s use of glucose for energy.

What can happen if type 1 diabetes is left untreated?

Type 1 diabetes is when your pancreas doesn’t produce any insulin at all. If left untreated, it can cause atherosclerosis (narrowing of blood vessels), heart disease, stroke, and eye and kidney diseases.

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When do type 1 diabetes complications start?

These complications develop over many years—usually at least 10 years—and they all relate to how blood glucose levels can affect blood vessels. Uncontrolled blood glucose can, over time, damage the body’s tiny and large blood vessels.

What is the life expectancy of someone with type 1 diabetes?

The investigators found that men with type 1 diabetes had an average life expectancy of about 66 years, compared with 77 years among men without it. Women with type 1 diabetes had an average life expectancy of about 68 years, compared with 81 years for those without the disease, the study found.

What are the microvascular complications of diabetes?

Microvascular complications of diabetes are those long-term complications that affect small blood vessels. These typically include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Retinopathy is divided into two main categories: Nonproliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy.

What is the main cause of type 1 diabetes?

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that destroys the cells in the pancreas that make insulin, called beta cells. This process can go on for months or years before any symptoms appear.

What are the two emergency complications of untreated diabetes mellitus?

Long-term complications of untreated hyperglycemia can include: Cardiovascular disease. Nerve damage (neuropathy) Kidney damage (diabetic nephropathy) or kidney failure.

Is type 1 diabetes painful?

Depending on the affected nerves, diabetic neuropathy symptoms can range from pain and numbness in your legs and feet to problems with your digestive system, urinary tract, blood vessels and heart. Some people have mild symptoms. But for others, diabetic neuropathy can be quite painful and disabling.

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Can you reverse type 1 diabetes complications?

It usually comes on in adulthood. Eventually, they may stop producing it altogether. However, type 1 diabetes can not be reversed, while symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be ameliorated with lifestyle changes in some cases, if they are made early enough in the progression of the disease.

Is type 1 diabetes fatal?

People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily. If left untreated, the excess sugar in the blood can cause severe damage to the body and may even be fatal. Complications that may result from type 1 diabetes include: Heart disease.