The most common cause of hyperinsulinemia is insulin resistance. When the body does not use insulin correctly, the pancreas produces more insulin to try to compensate for the rise in blood sugar levels. Insulin resistance can lead to type 2 diabetes.
What does it mean when your pancreas produces too much insulin?
Tumors of the pancreas that produce too much insulin are called insulinomas. Insulinomas keep making insulin, and can make your blood sugar level too low (hypoglycemia). A high blood insulin level causes a low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia). Hypoglycemia may be mild, leading to symptoms such as anxiety and hunger.
What happens if insulin level is high?
It has many functions, such as allowing your cells to take in sugar from your blood for energy. However, living with chronically high levels of insulin, also known as hyperinsulinemia, can lead to excessive weight gain and serious health problems like heart disease and cancer ( 1 , 2 , 3 ).
What are symptoms of too much insulin?
Symptoms of an Insulin Overdose
- Extreme hunger.
- Sweating or clammy skin.
- Trembling hands.
What causes high insulin levels?
Hyperinsulinemia is most often caused by insulin resistance — a condition in which your body doesn’t respond well to the effects of insulin. Your pancreas tries to compensate by making more insulin. Insulin resistance may eventually lead to the development of type 2 diabetes.
Can stress cause high insulin levels?
If you’re feeling stressed, your body releases stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline. This should give you an energy boost for a ‘fight or flight’ response. But the hormones actually make it harder for insulin to work properly, known as insulin resistance.
What foods reduce insulin levels?
The Diabetes Council recommend eating the following foods to keep insulin and blood sugar levels low:
- peanut butter.
- slow-cooked oatmeal.
What foods cause insulin resistance?
Saturated and trans fats, which can boost insulin resistance. These come mainly from animal sources, such as meats and cheese, as well as foods fried in partially hydrogenated oils. Sweetened drinks, like soda, fruit drinks, iced teas, and vitamin water, which can make you gain weight.
What medications reduce insulin?
Medications that reduce insulin resistance (insulin-sensitizing and antihyperglycemic effects) include metformin and the thiazolidinediones. Metformin is a biguanide; it reduces hepatic glucose output and increases the uptake in the peripheral tissues (muscle and adipocytes).
How do I know if my pancreas is producing insulin?
C-peptide and insulin are released from the pancreas at the same time and in about equal amounts. So a C-peptide test can show how much insulin your body is making. This test can be a good way to measure insulin levels because C-peptide tends to stay in the body longer than insulin.
Does too much insulin cause weight gain?
Weight gain is a common side effect for people who take insulin — a hormone that regulates the absorption of sugar (glucose) by cells. This can be frustrating because maintaining a healthy weight is an important part of your overall diabetes management plan.