The exact cause of type 2 diabetes is unknown. But family history and genetics appear to play an important role. Inactivity and excess fat — especially fat around the belly — also seem to be important factors. What is clear is that people with type 2 diabetes can’t process glucose properly.
Can healthy kids get diabetes?
There’s a growing type 2 diabetes problem in our young people. But parents can help turn the tide with healthy changes that are good for the whole family. Until recently, young children and teens almost never got type 2 diabetes, which is why it used to be called adult-onset diabetes.
What is the most common diabetes in kids?
The two most common forms of diabetes are called type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Both forms can occur at any age, but children are more likely to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.
How can I prevent my child from getting diabetes?
Use these tips to help children prevent diabetes
- Get more active. Go for walks, play ball or go to the park. …
- Manage weight. If your child is overweight, losing weight may reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Cut back on sugar. …
- Offer healthy snacks. …
- Limit screen time. …
- Eat dinner as a family. …
- See a dietitian.
What are the warning signs of childhood diabetes?
- Increased thirst.
- Frequent urination, possibly bed-wetting in a toilet-trained child.
- Extreme hunger.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Irritability or behavior changes.
- Fruity-smelling breath.
Is diabetes caused by eating too much sugar?
Though we know sugar doesn’t directly cause type 2 diabetes, you are more likely to get it if you are overweight. You gain weight when you take in more calories than your body needs, and sugary foods and drinks contain a lot of calories.
How is childhood diabetes treated?
There are three medications that have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration for treating type 2 diabetes in children — metformin (Glumetza, others), liraglutide (Victoza) and insulin. Metformin is a pill and liraglutide and insulin are taken by injection.
How long can a child have diabetes without knowing?
How long can a child have diabetes without knowing? In children under 2 years, the clinical presentation can be non-specific.
What age is prone to diabetes?
You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or obese. Diabetes is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander.
Can 6 year olds get diabetes?
Your child could get type 1 diabetes as an infant, or later, as a toddler or a teen. Most often, it appears after age 5. But some people don’t get it until their late 30s. Know the symptoms of type 1 diabetes so you can help keep your child healthy.