What body system is most affected by type 2 diabetes?

What body systems and organs does diabetes affect?

Diabetes is a serious disease that can affect your eyes, heart, nerves, feet and kidneys.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the circulatory system?

Over time, high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart. People with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease: High blood pressure increases the force of blood through your arteries and can damage artery walls.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the endocrine system?

The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which allows glucose from the bloodstream to enter the body’s cells where it is used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, too little insulin is produced, or the body cannot use insulin properly, or both. This results in a build-up of glucose in the blood.

How does diabetes affect digestive system?

Nausea, heartburn, or bloating can have many causes, but for people with diabetes, these common digestion issues shouldn’t be ignored. That’s because high blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition that affects how you digest your food. Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis.

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What system does diabetes fall under?

But what exactly is an endocrine disorder, and how is the endocrine system related to diabetes? Quite simply, diabetes occurs when the pancreas cannot release the normal regulatory hormones, or when the body cannot respond properly to those hormones.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the heart?

It makes your heart work harder than usual and damages your blood vessels. Most people with type 2 diabetes also have high blood pressure. Together, they put a lot of extra strain on your heart, boosting your chance of having serious issues like heart disease and stroke. Peripheral artery disease (PAD).

How does diabetes affect the body?

About diabetes – long-term effects

Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body’s organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the pancreas?

Type 2 diabetes

While the pancreas may still produce the hormone, the body’s cells cannot use it effectively. As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin to meet the body’s needs, and it is often unable to keep up with the increased demand. With an insufficient amount of insulin in the body, diabetes develops.

How does diabetes affect the muscular system?

When the body does not have enough insulin in the blood, it means glucose within the blood cannot get into muscle cells to fuel them. Over time, the lack of glucose can lead to muscle cells atrophying (dying) and therefore loss of muscle mass.

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How does diabetes affect the urinary system?

Diabetics are prone to urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder issues and sexual dysfunction. Diabetes can often make your urologic conditions even worse because it can impact blood flow, nerves and sensory function in the body.