What body parts does type 2 diabetes affect?

Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Also, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases.

What are the 6 parts of the body that are most affected by diabetes?

Parts of the body that diabetes can affect later in life include:

  • eyes.
  • kidneys.
  • nerves.
  • heart and blood vessels.
  • gums.
  • feet.

What body systems does diabetes affect?

It can be deadly. Diabetes affects your heart and your whole circulation. That includes small blood vessels in your kidneys, eyes, and nerves, and the big ones that feed your heart and brain and keep you alive. The damage starts with high blood sugar (glucose) and insulin levels.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the endocrine system?

The pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which allows glucose from the bloodstream to enter the body’s cells where it is used for energy. In type 2 diabetes, too little insulin is produced, or the body cannot use insulin properly, or both. This results in a build-up of glucose in the blood.

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What part of the foot is affected by diabetes?

Although rare, nerve damage from diabetes can lead to changes in the shape of your feet, such as Charcot’s foot. Charcot’s foot may start with redness, warmth, and swelling. Later, bones in your feet and toes can shift or break, which can cause your feet to have an odd shape, such as a “rocker bottom.”

How does type 2 diabetes affect the nervous system?

If blood glucose levels remain high for extended periods of time over a number of years, the blood vessels which feed the nerves can become damaged and can lead to the nerves themselves becoming damaged. Damage to the nerves can lead to loss of feeling in extremities such as the hands and lower legs.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the circulatory system?

Over time, high blood sugar can damage blood vessels and the nerves that control your heart. People with diabetes are also more likely to have other conditions that raise the risk for heart disease: High blood pressure increases the force of blood through your arteries and can damage artery walls.

How does type 2 diabetes affect the digestive system?

Nausea, heartburn, or bloating can have many causes, but for people with diabetes, these common digestion issues shouldn’t be ignored. That’s because high blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition that affects how you digest your food. Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis.

What happens in the body to cause type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach, can’t produce enough insulin to control your blood glucose level, or when the cells in your body don’t respond properly to the insulin that is produced. This means your blood glucose levels may become very high, and is known as hyperglycaemia.

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How does type 2 diabetes affect the pancreas?

Type 2 diabetes

While the pancreas may still produce the hormone, the body’s cells cannot use it effectively. As a result, the pancreas produces more insulin to meet the body’s needs, and it is often unable to keep up with the increased demand. With an insufficient amount of insulin in the body, diabetes develops.

What does diabetes do to legs?

Having diabetes can damage the nerves and blood vessels that supply your legs and feet. This puts affected people at increased risk of developing ulcers on the feet and legs which can become infected, and in the worst cases, develop gangrene (where the tissue dies, resulting in the need for amputation).

What are signs of diabetic feet?

Signs of Diabetic Foot Problems

  • Changes in skin color.
  • Changes in skin temperature.
  • Swelling in the foot or ankle.
  • Pain in the legs.
  • Open sores on the feet that are slow to heal or are draining.
  • Ingrown toenails or toenails infected with fungus.
  • Corns or calluses.
  • Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heel.

How does diabetes affect your toenails?

People with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to get a fungal infection called onychomycosis. This infection usually affects the toenails. The nails will turn yellow and become brittle.