What are the key components of diabetic management?

When you have diabetes, you should closely monitor three key areas: blood glucose and hemoglobin A1C, blood pressure and cholesterol. These are sometimes referred to as the ABCs of diabetes management. Monitoring these will also help you make lifestyle changes to improve your diabetes control.

What are the components of diabetes management?

Management

  • Meals. Contrary to popular belief there is no specific diabetes diet. …
  • Movement. Movement or exercise helps the body utilize insulin more efficiently to keep blood sugar under control and it aids in weight management. …
  • Medication. …
  • Monitoring.

What are the main aims of the management of diabetes?

The general goals of the treatment of diabetes are to avoid acute decompensation, prevent or delay the appearance of late disease complications, decrease mortality, and maintain a good quality of life.

What is a diabetic management plan?

A student’s diabetes management plan is an essential document that guides how schools can support students with type 1 diabetes to learn and participate fully at school. The plan is usually developed by the student’s clinical treating team in collaboration with the student and their parents or carers.

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What are the 4 P’s of diabetes?

polydipsia: an increase in thirst. polyuria: frequent urination. polyphagia: a rise in appetite.

What is the best way to manage diabetes?

Know what to do every day.

  1. Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems even when you feel good. …
  2. Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling. …
  3. Brush your teeth and floss every day to keep your mouth, teeth, and gums healthy.
  4. Stop smoking. …
  5. Keep track of your blood sugar.

How do you manage diabetes?

What to do:

  1. Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan. Ask your doctor about what type of exercise is appropriate for you. …
  2. Keep an exercise schedule. …
  3. Know your numbers. …
  4. Check your blood sugar level. …
  5. Stay hydrated. …
  6. Be prepared. …
  7. Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed.

What are the management of type 2 diabetes?

Regular exercise. Weight loss. Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy. Blood sugar monitoring.

What is the first-line treatment for diabetes?

Metformin should be the first-line drug for managing type 2 diabetes. Insulin and sulfonylureas should be second line, and glitazones should be reserved for third line. Metformin is the only drug for type 2 diabetes that does not cause weight gain, which is an important advantage.

How often should a diabetic care plan be reviewed?

All people with diabetes should undergo a diabetes care review at least once annually. Your diabetic review will allow your doctors to monitor your health. They will also use your annual review to assess aspects such as your long term blood glucose control, cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

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What are the 3 types of diabetes mellitus?

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).

  • Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin. …
  • Type 2 Diabetes. …
  • Gestational Diabetes.

What are the three polys of diabetes?

The main symptoms of diabetes are described as the three polys – polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia.

What are the 3 symptoms of diabetes?

Here are more details about the signs and symptoms of diabetes:

  • Excessive thirst and increased urination. Excessive thirst and increased urination are common diabetes signs and symptoms. …
  • Weight loss. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Slow-healing sores or frequent infections. …
  • Red, swollen, tender gums.