What are the three main diabetic emergencies?
The complications include 1) diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA); 2) hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS); 3) hyperglycemia without obvious acidosis; 4) hypoglycemia; and 5) other selected medical emergencies in diabetes.
How does a diabetic emergency happen?
Diabetic ketoacidosis, or DKA, is a life-threatening emergency caused when you don’t have enough insulin and your liver has to break down fat into ketones for energy, but too fast for the body to handle. A buildup of ketones can change your blood chemistry and poison you. You could fall into a coma.
What are the danger signs of diabetes?
The warning signs include:
- feeling thirsty or having a dry mouth.
- frequent urination.
- dry or flushed skin.
- nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain.
- difficulty focusing.
- difficulty breathing.
When should a diabetic go to hospital?
You should call your doctor if you have high blood sugar levels throughout the day, if you find your blood sugar level is always high at the same time each day, or if you are having symptoms of high blood sugar like drinking or urinating (peeing) a lot more than normal.
When should I go to the hospital for diabetes?
According to the University of Michigan, blood sugar levels of 300 mg/dL or more can be dangerous. They recommend calling a doctor if you have two readings in a row of 300 or more.
What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?
Early signs and symptoms of diabetes
- Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
- Increased thirst. …
- Fatigue. …
- Blurred vision. …
- Increased hunger. …
- Unexplained weight loss. …
- Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
How is a diabetic emergency treated?
Emergency treatment can lower your blood sugar to a normal range. Treatment usually includes: Fluid replacement. You’ll receive fluids — usually through a vein (intravenously) — until you’re rehydrated.
What does end stage diabetes look like?
If your loved one has end-stage diabetes, it’s vital that you stay alert for cues that could indicate a worsening of their condition. Look for these signs of high blood sugar: Excessive thirst and increased urination. Unusual infections.