Quick Answer: What are the main complications of diabetes?

What is the most common complication of diabetes?

Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:

  1. Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke. …
  2. Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation. …
  3. Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease. …
  4. Eye problems.

What are major acute complications of diabetes?

Acute complications include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma, and hypoglycemia. Chronic hyperglycemia is central to the pathophysiology of chronic complications such as cardiovascular and peripheral vascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

What is the first complication of diabetes?

The most common early complication of diabetes, related to insulin treatment, is hypoglycemia. Mild hypoglycemic reactions, consisting of headache, tremors, abdominal pain, or mood changes, are considered a part of tight control.

What is the long term complications of diabetes?

About diabetes – long-term effects

Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body’s organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.

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What are the microvascular complications of diabetes?

Microvascular complications of diabetes are those long-term complications that affect small blood vessels. These typically include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. Retinopathy is divided into two main categories: Nonproliferative retinopathy and proliferative retinopathy.

Do all diabetics get complications?

It is common for most people with diabetes to begin to develop complications after having diabetes for a number of years. With good diabetes control and living a healthy, active lifestyle, it is possible for people to go a number of decades complication free.

What are the 2 acute metabolic complications of diabetes?

Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS), lactic acidosis (LA), and hypoglycemia are acute and potentially life-threatening complications of diabetes.

What are the complication of type 2 diabetes?

Short-term complications of type 2 diabetes are hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), which is very high blood glucose. Long-term complications of type 2 are diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems.

What are chronic complications?

Chronic complications tend to arise over years or decades. Often, there is damage before there are symptoms so routine screening is recommended to catch and treat problems before they occur or get worse.

Which complication of diabetes causes the most deaths?

Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in people with diabetes.

What are symptoms of untreated diabetes?

Untreated Diabetes Symptoms

  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Fatigue.
  • Repeat skin infections.
  • Poor wound healing.

How do diabetes affect the kidneys?

Over time, poorly controlled diabetes can cause damage to blood vessel clusters in your kidneys that filter waste from your blood. This can lead to kidney damage and cause high blood pressure. High blood pressure can cause further kidney damage by increasing the pressure in the delicate filtering system of the kidneys.

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What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
  • Increased thirst. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Increased hunger. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.

How long can you live with untreated diabetes?

The range of estimated life expectancies is wide, depending on a person’s age, lifestyle factors, and treatments. At that time, for example: A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years.