Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream.
Is diabetes mellitus chronic or acute?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
What is chronic diabetes mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes. That’s because it used to start almost always in middle- and late-adulthood.
How is type 2 diabetes defined?
Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.
What is Type 2 diabetes mellitus with hyperglycemia?
Type 2 diabetes with hyperglycemia occurs when a person’s blood sugar elevates to potentially dangerous levels that require medical treatment. A person living with type 2 diabetes can experience either hyperglycemia, which means an elevated blood glucose level, or hypoglycemia, which refers to a low level.
What is the difference between diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2?
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is more commonly known simply as diabetes. It’s when your pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to control the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your blood. Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that has nothing to do with the pancreas or blood sugar.
What mellitus means?
: a variable disorder of carbohydrate metabolism caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors and usually characterized by inadequate secretion or utilization of insulin, by excessive urine production, by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood and urine, and by thirst, hunger, and loss of weight — …
Which condition often contributes to the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which muscle, liver, and fat cells do not use insulin well. As a result, your body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells. At first, the pancreas makes more insulin to keep up with the added demand.
What happens to a person with diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes damages the nerves and causes problems with sensation. Diabetes damages blood vessels and increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, chronic kidney disease, and vision loss. Doctors diagnose diabetes by measuring blood sugar levels.
Is type two diabetes reversible?
According to recent research, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but individuals can have glucose levels that return to non-diabetes range, (complete remission) or pre-diabetes glucose level (partial remission) The primary means by which people with type 2 diabetes achieve remission is by losing significant amounts of …
What are metabolic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus?
Most common among the acute metabolic complications are diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, non-ketotic state (HHNKS), Lactic acidosis (LA) and hypoglycemia. Early diagnosis and management of DM helps in preventing these complications.
What is the prognosis for diabetes mellitus type 2?
A 55-year-old male with type 2 diabetes could expect to live for another 13.2–21.1 years, while the general expectancy would be another 24.7 years. A 75-year-old male with the disease might expect to live for another 4.3–9.6 years, compared with the general expectancy of another 10 years.