Type 2 diabetes, the most common type of diabetes, is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes mainly from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose get into your cells to be used for energy.
Is diabetes a disorder or condition?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
Is Type 1 diabetes a disease or condition?
Diabetes (Type 1) Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) disease that affects how your body turns food into energy. Insulin is a hormone that acts like a key to let blood sugar into your body’s cells for use as energy.
Is type 2 diabetes a serious condition?
Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition where the insulin your pancreas makes can’t work properly, or your pancreas can’t make enough insulin. This means your blood glucose (sugar) levels keep rising.
What type of disease is diabetes classified as?
Diabetes is a heterogeneous complex metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose concentration secondary to either resistance to the action of insulin, insufficient insulin secretion, or both [1 ]. The major clinical manifestation of the diabetic state is hyperglycemia.
What’s the difference in type one and type two diabetes?
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
What is type 2 diabetes pathophysiology?
The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance, impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production, and declining β-cell function, eventually leading toβ -cell failure.
Are u born with type 2 diabetes?
To develop type 2 diabetes, you must be born with the genetic traits for diabetes. Because there is a wide range of genetic causes, there is also a wide range in how you will respond to treatment. You may be easily treated with just a change in diet or you may need multiple types of medication.
Can a Type 2 diabetic become a type 1?
It is not possible for type 2 diabetes to turn into type 1 diabetes. However, a person who originally receives a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes may still get a separate diagnosis of type 1 at a later date. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type, so a doctor might initially suspect that an adult with diabetes has type 2.
How can you get type 2 diabetes?
Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:
- Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk.
- Fat distribution. Storing fat mainly in your abdomen — rather than your hips and thighs — indicates a greater risk. …
- Inactivity. …
- Family history. …
- Race and ethnicity. …
- Blood lipid levels. …
- Age. …
What is the main cause of type 2 diabetes?
Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.
What foods are bad for type 2 diabetes?
Therefore, it’s important to avoid the foods and drinks listed below.
- Sugar-sweetened beverages. …
- Trans fats. …
- White bread, rice, and pasta. …
- Fruit-flavored yogurt. …
- Sweetened breakfast cereals. …
- Flavored coffee drinks. …
- Honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup. …
- Dried fruit.
How close are we to a cure for type 2 diabetes?
There’s no cure yet, but our scientists are working on a ground-breaking weight management study, to help people put their type 2 diabetes into remission. Remission is when blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels are in a normal range again.
What are the four classifications of diabetes?
Types of diabetes
- Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and teenagers. …
- Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes happens when your body stops responding to the insulin your pancreas makes. …
- Gestational diabetes.
What are the 7 types of diabetes?
In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes.
- Wolfram Syndrome.
- Alström Syndrome.
- Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
- Type 3c diabetes.
- Steroid-induced diabetes.