Is impaired glucose tolerance the same as pre diabetes?

Prediabetes is when a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as Type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is the same as impaired glucose intolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG).

What is the difference between impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes?

If you have pre-diabetes (impaired glucose tolerance), your blood sugar (glucose) is raised beyond the normal range but it is not so high that you have diabetes. However, if you have pre-diabetes you are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

What classifies a person as being pre diabetic?

Pre-diabetes describes a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, although not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes has no signs or symptoms. People with pre-diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular (heart and circulation) disease.

What should I do if I have impaired fasting glucose?

Patients at higher risk should be screened with a fasting plasma glucose level. When the diagnosis of impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose is made, physicians should counsel patients to lose 5 to 7 percent of their body weight and engage in moderate physical activity for at least 150 minutes per week.

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What should I eat if I have impaired glucose tolerance?

Glucose intolerance diet

The NHS recommends eating a balanced diet based on whole grain foods, rich in fruit and vegetables and low in sugar, salt and saturated fat.

Can you reverse impaired glucose tolerance?

Increasing metabolic-equivalent hours of total physical activity per week may lead to a reversion to normoglycemia in women older than 50 years with isolated impaired fasting glucose or isolated impaired glucose tolerance, study data show.

What is impaired glucose?

Impaired glucose tolerance means that blood glucose is raised beyond normal levels, but not high enough to warrant a diabetes diagnosis. With impaired glucose tolerance you face a much greater risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

What glucose level is prediabetes?

This measures your blood sugar after an overnight fast (not eating). A fasting blood sugar level of 99 mg/dL or lower is normal, 100 to 125 mg/dL indicates you have prediabetes, and 126 mg/dL or higher indicates you have diabetes.

How is impaired glucose tolerance diagnosed?

IGT is defined by an elevated 2-h plasma glucose concentration (≥140 and <200 mg/dl) after a 75-g glucose load on the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in the presence of an FPG concentration <126 mg/dl (29,30).

Is pre diabetes reversible?

Prediabetes is now recognized as a reversible condition that increases an individual’s risk for development of diabetes. Lifestyle risk factors for prediabetes include overweight and physical inactivity.

Is Metformin good for prediabetes?

The medicine metformin can also help prevent type 2 diabetes in people with prediabetes. Even if you take metformin, it is important to make as many healthy lifestyle changes as you can. Doing both of these things may give you the best chance of delaying or preventing type 2 diabetes over the long term.

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Do you need to check blood sugar with prediabetes?

Prediabetes means you have higher than normal blood sugar levels. Unmanaged prediabetes can lead to Type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes doesn’t always have symptoms, so it’s important to get blood sugar levels tested, especially if you’re at high risk.