Diabetes insipidus is not related to diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2 diabetes). Diabetes insipidus is caused by problems related to the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or its receptor and causes frequent urination.
Is type 2 diabetes the same as diabetes insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus should not be confused. The two conditions are unrelated, with diabetes insipidus a completely different type of illness. Diabetes mellitus is also far more common. Diabetes mellitus occurs due to insulin resistance or insulin deficiency and subsequent high blood glucose levels.
What is another name for diabetes insipidus?
Also known as dipsogenic diabetes insipidus, this condition can cause production of large amounts of diluted urine from drinking excessive amounts of fluids. Primary polydipsia can be caused by damage to the thirst-regulating mechanism in the hypothalamus.
What are the different types of diabetes insipidus?
The four types of diabetes insipidus
- Central diabetes insipidus. This is the most common form of DI and is caused by damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. …
- Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. …
- Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus. …
- Gestational diabetes insipidus.
What is the most common cause of diabetes insipidus?
The 3 most common causes of cranial diabetes insipidus are: a brain tumour that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. a severe head injury that damages the hypothalamus or pituitary gland. complications that occur during brain or pituitary surgery.
Can you have diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus at the same time?
Diabetes insipidus is not the same as diabetes mellitus. Although both conditions can increase thirst, intake of liquids, and urination, they are not related. In diabetes mellitus, the level of glucose in your blood, also called blood sugar, is too high.
What is the difference between Type 2 diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease. It is characterized by high levels of sugar in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus and adult-onset diabetes. That’s because it used to start almost always in middle- and late-adulthood.
Does diabetes insipidus cause weight gain?
A: If you drink large volumes of fluids and take too much desmopressin, your body may become overloaded with fluid, which could result in headaches, dizziness and abnormal weight gain.
How much water does a person with diabetes insipidus drink?
Treatment for cranial diabetes insipidus
Your GP or endocrinologist (specialist in hormone conditions) may advise you to drink a certain amount of water every day, usually at least 2.5 litres.
What are the initial signs of diabetes insipidus?
The symptoms of diabetes insipidus include:
- Extreme thirst that can’t be quenched (polydipsia)
- Excessive amounts of urine (polyuria)
- Colourless urine instead of pale yellow.
- Waking frequently through the night to urinate.
- Dry skin.
- Weak muscles.
What are the 4 types of diabetes?
All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.
Specific diabetes due to other causes
- Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
- Neonatal diabetes. …
- Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
- Steroid-induced diabetes.
Is diabetes insipidus a kidney disease?
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is a rare kidney disorder that may be inherited or acquired. NDI is not related to the more common diabetes mellitus (sugar diabetes), in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin.
Which surgery will a client undergo if pituitary gland must be removed?
A hypophysectomy is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland to treat cancerous or benign tumors. Most of the reported pituitary tumors that are removed turn out to be benign.