Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major public health problem worldwide. Current global estimates indicate that this condition affects 415 million people and is set to escalate to 642 million by the year 2040.
When did diabetes become a public health issue?
In 1994, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) diabetes program declared that diabetes had reached epidemic proportions and should be considered as a major public health problem.
Is Type 1 diabetes a public health issue?
Diabetes mellitus, including type 1 is a global public health problem among the young persons.
Why diabetes is a public health issue?
Over time, high blood sugar damages many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels. Diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, and lower-limb amputation. Recent research has also shown a connection between diabetes and dementia, hearing loss, and some forms of cancer.
How is diabetes a global health issue?
Diabetes is a leading global cause of cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of blindness, of kidney failure and of lower-limb amputation. Diabetes belongs to the top ten leading causes of death globally.
Is diabetes a pandemic or epidemic?
Diabetes is a global epidemic affecting an estimated 382 million people worldwide. The WHO projects that diabetes will be the 7th leading cause of death by 2030. An estimated 4 million people die annually from diabetes complications.
What public health interventions are in place for diabetes?
Interventions may include education about diabetes prevention and lifestyle changes, or informal counseling, coaching, and extended support for people with a higher risk for diabetes. Programs may be offered in homes or community-based settings.
Is type 2 diabetes a global epidemic?
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has attained the status of a global pandemic, spreading from affluent industrialized nations to the emerging economies of Asia, Latin America, and Africa.