Treatment. Effective management of diabetic foot infection requires appropriate antibiotic therapy, surgical drainage, debridement and resection of dead tissue, appropriate wound care, and correction of metabolic abnormalities.
Can diabetic foot infection be cured?
Diabetic foot infections are a frequent clinical problem. About 50% of patients with diabetic foot infections who have foot amputations die within five years. Properly managed most can be cured, but many patients needlessly undergo amputations because of improper diagnostic and therapeutic approaches.
What antibiotics treat diabetic foot infection?
Agents such as cephalexin, dicloxacillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, or clindamycin are effective choices. If methicillin-resistant S aureus (MRSA) infection is suspected, then clindamycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, minocycline, or linezolid may be used.
How long does a diabetic foot infection take to heal?
Any dead or infected tissue will be removed. Some people with poor circulation may need surgery to improve blood flow to the foot and to avoid amputation. The wound should start to heal in two to three days. Your doctor will check the wound at least once a week to make sure it is healing.
How do diabetic foot infections start?
As with all infections, this condition occurs when bacteria enter the body, often through a wound. A diabetic foot infection can appear as the result of an otherwise small injury. These small scrapes, scuffs, and blisters, which most people experience without issue, can lead to diabetic foot ulcers.
Should diabetics wear socks to bed?
Consider socks made specifically for patients living with diabetes. These socks have extra cushioning, do not have elastic tops, are higher than the ankle and are made from fibers that wick moisture away from the skin. Wear socks to bed. If your feet get cold at night, wear socks.
What does diabetic foot look like?
Although rare, nerve damage from diabetes can lead to changes in the shape of your feet, such as Charcot’s foot. Charcot’s foot may start with redness, warmth, and swelling. Later, bones in your feet and toes can shift or break, which can cause your feet to have an odd shape, such as a “rocker bottom.”
How can I treat a foot infection at home?
At-home treatment options include:
- antifungal cream or spray for athlete’s foot.
- antifungal foot powder.
- OTC salicylic acid for plantar warts.
- antibiotic cream.
- blister pads.
- avoiding tight shoes.
- keeping feet dry and cool.
How long can a foot infection last?
Most people recover within 2 weeks, but it may take longer if the symptoms are severe.
What is a serious complication associated with foot infection?
Osteomyelitis is a serious complication of diabetic foot infection that increases the likelihood of surgical intervention. Treatment is based on the extent and severity of the infection and comorbid conditions.
When should you go to the ER for a foot infection?
Seek immediate medical attention if you:
Have severe pain or swelling. Have an open wound or a wound that is oozing pus. Have signs of infection, such as redness, warmth and tenderness in the affected area or you have a fever over 100 F (37.8 C) Are unable to walk or put weight on your foot.
What happens when a diabetic gets an infection?
Because of the buildup of plaque in blood vessels associated with diabetes, areas of infection may receive a poor blood supply, further lowering the body’s ability to fight infections and heal wounds.
Can diabetics use Neosporin?
This substance can cause false high blood sugar levels when your blood sugar is normal or even low. If you have diabetes, check with your pharmacist whether the product you are using contains maltose and whether your blood sugar testing supplies will work with this product.
How do you clean a diabetic foot wound?
For proper wound care, clean the wound with saline, apply a topical gel or antibiotic ointment medication to the wound once a day, as recommended by your doctor. After each application, wrap the wound with a clean gauze dressing.