How do you explain what diabetes is?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.

How do you explain diabetes to a patient?

Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.

How would you explain diabetes to an elementary student?

Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose (say: GLOO-kose), a sugar that is the body’s main source of fuel. Your body needs glucose to keep running.

How do you confirm diabetes?

Your doctor will have you take one or more of the following blood tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  1. A1C Test. The A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past 2 or 3 months. …
  2. Fasting Blood Sugar Test. …
  3. Glucose Tolerance Test. …
  4. Random Blood Sugar Test. …
  5. Glucose Screening Test. …
  6. Glucose Tolerance Test.
IT IS IMPORTANT:  When do gestational diabetes symptoms start?

What are the 4 types of diabetes?

All types of diabetes cause high blood sugar because your body has trouble producing insulin, a hormone that moves and stores sugar.

Specific diabetes due to other causes

  • Mature onset diabetes of the young (MODY). …
  • Neonatal diabetes. …
  • Diabetes caused by other conditions. …
  • Steroid-induced diabetes.

How do you explain type 2 diabetes to a child?

Type 2 diabetes in children is a chronic disease that affects the way your child’s body processes sugar (glucose). Without treatment, the disorder causes sugar to build up in the blood, which can lead to serious long-term consequences. Type 2 diabetes occurs more commonly in adults.

How do you explain diabetes to a classroom?

Presentation tips

  1. Ask ahead of time if you can present to the school or class on Type 1 diabetes.
  2. Pick a date and time, place and format for the presentation. …
  3. Discuss what topics to present with your child. …
  4. Keep the presentation short – about 15-20 minutes, including a Q & A.

How do you explain type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.

What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
  • Increased thirst. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Increased hunger. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
IT IS IMPORTANT:  Does diabetes cause mood swings?

What are the warning signs of prediabetes?

Warning signs of prediabetes

  • Blurry vision.
  • Cold hands and feet.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Increase in urinary tract infections.
  • Increased irritability, nervousness or anxiety.
  • Itchy skin.

What is normal blood sugar by age?

Normal blood glucose levels for adults, without diabetes, is 90 to 110 mg/dL. Learn the symptoms of high and low blood sugar here.

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents.

Normal blood sugar levels for adolescents
Age 6-12 mg/dL
Fasting 80-180
Before meal 90-180
1-2 hours after eating Up to 140

What are the 3 stages of diabetes?

stage 1: defined as DCBD insulin resistance; stage 2: defined as DCBD prediabetes; stage 3: defined as DCBD type 2 diabetes; and. stage 4: defined as DCBD vascular complications, including retinopathy, nephropathy or neuropathy, and/or type 2 diabetes-related microvascular events.

What is the main cause of diabetes?

Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.