Type 2 diabetes is an impairment in the way the body regulates and uses sugar (glucose) as a fuel. This long-term (chronic) condition results in too much sugar circulating in the bloodstream. Eventually, high blood sugar levels can lead to disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune systems.
How do you explain type 2 diabetes to a child?
Type 2 diabetes in children is a chronic disease that affects the way your child’s body processes sugar (glucose). Without treatment, the disorder causes sugar to build up in the blood, which can lead to serious long-term consequences. Type 2 diabetes occurs more commonly in adults.
How do you explain diabetes to a patient?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
What are three facts about type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 Diabetes Facts and Tips
- Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. …
- Being overweight (BMI greater than 25) increases your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- There’s a genetic mutation involved in type 2 diabetes, although researchers haven’t been able to pinpoint the exact mutation.
What is diabetes easy explanation?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
What is the difference between type1 and type2 diabetes?
The main difference between the two types of diabetes is that type 1 diabetes is a genetic disorder that often shows up early in life, and type 2 is largely diet-related and develops over time. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system is attacking and destroying the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas.
What is the difference between Type 1 and Type diabetes?
People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin. You can think of it as not having a key. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. You can think of it as having a broken key.
How do you confirm diabetes?
Your doctor will have you take one or more of the following blood tests to confirm the diagnosis:
- A1C Test. The A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past 2 or 3 months. …
- Fasting Blood Sugar Test. …
- Glucose Tolerance Test. …
- Random Blood Sugar Test. …
- Glucose Screening Test. …
- Glucose Tolerance Test.
What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?
Early signs and symptoms of diabetes
- Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
- Increased thirst. …
- Fatigue. …
- Blurred vision. …
- Increased hunger. …
- Unexplained weight loss. …
- Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
Can you get diabetes from eating too much sugar?
Excessive amounts of added sugars have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, likely due to negative effects on the liver and a higher risk of obesity. Natural sugars like those found in fruits and vegetables are not linked to diabetes risk — whereas artificial sweeteners are.
Is type two diabetes reversible?
According to recent research, type 2 diabetes cannot be cured, but individuals can have glucose levels that return to non-diabetes range, (complete remission) or pre-diabetes glucose level (partial remission) The primary means by which people with type 2 diabetes achieve remission is by losing significant amounts of …
How does type 2 diabetes affect you physically?
Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood to become too high. It can cause symptoms like excessive thirst, needing to pee a lot and tiredness. It can also increase your risk of getting serious problems with your eyes, heart and nerves.
Which of the following individuals would be at greatest risk to develop type 2 diabetes?
You are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you: Are over age 45. Children, teenagers, and younger adults can get type 2 diabetes, but it is more common in middle-aged and older people. Have prediabetes, which means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes.
What is Type 4 Diabetes?
Type 4 diabetes is the proposed term for diabetes caused by insulin resistance in older people who don’t have overweight or obesity. A 2015 study with mice suggested this type of diabetes might be widely underdiagnosed. This is because it occurs in people who aren’t overweight or obese, but are older in age.
What are the 7 types of diabetes?
In addition to type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes, there are a range of other types of diabetes, which are just as important.
- Maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY)
- Neonatal diabetes.
- Wolfram Syndrome.
- Alström Syndrome.
- Latent Autoimmune diabetes in Adults (LADA)
- Type 3c diabetes.
- Steroid-induced diabetes.