Frequent question: What parts of the body does diabetes affect?

It can be deadly. Diabetes affects your heart and your whole circulation. That includes small blood vessels in your kidneys, eyes, and nerves, and the big ones that feed your heart and brain and keep you alive. The damage starts with high blood sugar (glucose) and insulin levels.

How does diabetes affect other parts of the body?

Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage the body’s organs. Possible long-term effects include damage to large (macrovascular) and small (microvascular) blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, gums, feet and nerves.

What body parts can you lose from diabetes?

If the infection cannot be stopped or the damage is irreparable, amputation may be necessary. The most common amputations in people with diabetes are the toes, feet, and lower legs.

What physical problems do diabetes cause?

Complications

  • Cardiovascular disease. …
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy). …
  • Kidney damage (nephropathy). …
  • Eye damage (retinopathy). …
  • Foot damage. …
  • Skin conditions. …
  • Hearing impairment. …
  • Alzheimer’s disease.
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How can diabetes affect your feet?

Over time, diabetes may cause nerve damage, also called diabetic neuropathy, that can cause tingling and pain, and can make you lose feeling in your feet. When you lose feeling in your feet, you may not feel a pebble inside your sock or a blister on your foot, which can lead to cuts and sores.

What organ does diabetes come from?

An organ in your body called the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that controls the levels of your blood sugar. When you have too little insulin in your body, or when insulin doesn’t work right in your body, you can have diabetes, the condition where you have abnormally high glucose or sugar levels in your blood.

What are signs of diabetic feet?

Signs of Diabetic Foot Problems

  • Changes in skin color.
  • Changes in skin temperature.
  • Swelling in the foot or ankle.
  • Pain in the legs.
  • Open sores on the feet that are slow to heal or are draining.
  • Ingrown toenails or toenails infected with fungus.
  • Corns or calluses.
  • Dry cracks in the skin, especially around the heel.

Why do diabetics lose their legs?

Diabetes is linked to two other conditions that raise the chances of foot amputation: peripheral artery disease (PAD) and diabetic neuropathy. PAD can narrow the arteries that carry blood to your legs and feet and make you more likely to get ulcers (open sores) and infections.

What are 10 warning signs of diabetes?

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes

  • Frequent urination. When your blood sugar is high, your kidneys expel the excess blood sugar, causing you to urinate more frequently. …
  • Increased thirst. …
  • Fatigue. …
  • Blurred vision. …
  • Increased hunger. …
  • Unexplained weight loss. …
  • Slow healing cuts and wounds. …
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
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How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:

  1. Increased thirst.
  2. Frequent urination.
  3. Fatigue.
  4. Nausea and vomiting.
  5. Shortness of breath.
  6. Stomach pain.
  7. Fruity breath odor.
  8. A very dry mouth.

What happens if you ignore diabetes?

If type 2 diabetes goes untreated, the high blood sugar can affect various cells and organs in the body. Complications include kidney damage, often leading to dialysis, eye damage, which could result in blindness, or an increased risk for heart disease or stroke.

What part of the foot hurts with diabetes?

Diabetic foot pain is mainly due to a condition called peripheral neuropathy. Approximately 50% of people who have type 2 diabetes will develop peripheral neuropathy, which happens when high blood sugar levels cause damage to the nerves in the legs and the feet.

Should diabetics wear socks to bed?

Consider socks made specifically for patients living with diabetes. These socks have extra cushioning, do not have elastic tops, are higher than the ankle and are made from fibers that wick moisture away from the skin. Wear socks to bed. If your feet get cold at night, wear socks.

How does diabetes affect your toenails?

People with diabetes are more likely than those without diabetes to get a fungal infection called onychomycosis. This infection usually affects the toenails. The nails will turn yellow and become brittle.