The Somogyi phenomenon (also known as post-hypoglycemic hyperglycemia, chronic Somogyi rebound) describes a rebound high blood glucose level in response to low blood glucose.
What is hypoglycemic rebound?
It happens when low blood sugar triggers a rebound effect, leading to high blood sugar. If a person notices high blood glucose levels in the morning, the Somogyi effect may be responsible, but the rise could have resulted from a similar effect, called the dawn phenomenon.
What does Somogyi effect mean?
The Somogyi effect or phenomenon happens when you take insulin before bed and wake up with high blood sugar levels. According to the theory of the Somogyi effect, when insulin lowers your blood sugar too much, it can trigger a release of hormones that send your blood sugar levels into a rebound high.
What is Somogyi Overswing?
Combating an Incorrect Insulin Dose
In cats, the “Somogyi overswing” occurs when the insulin dose is too high and the patient’s blood glucose drops too quickly or plummets below 60 mg/dL.
What causes Somogyi effect?
The causes of Somogyi phenomenon include excess or ill-timed insulin, missed meals or snacks, and inadvertent insulin administration. Unrecognized posthypoglycemic hyperglycemia can lead to declining metabolic control and hypoglycemic complications.
What is rebound glucose?
High blood sugar in the morning may be caused by the Somogyi effect, a condition also called “rebound hyperglycemia.” It also may be caused by dawn phenomenon, which is the end result of a combination of natural body changes.
When hyperglycemia is seen following an episode of hypoglycemia The condition is known as?
26. When hyperglycemia is seen following an episode of hypoglycemia, the condition is known as: neuropathy.
What is insulin rebound?
A physiological response caused by ingesting too much sugar. Blood glucose levels rise quickly and induce an exaggerated insulin response that overcompensates for the rise, and causes the blood sugar level to fall to a level lower than it was before sugar ingestion.
What causes dawn effect?
Dawn phenomenon cause
The dawn phenomenon occurs due to the release of hormones in the body. These can include things like growth hormone, cortisol, and glucagon. When levels of these hormones increase, your liver is stimulated to release glucose into your bloodstream.
What is insulin waning?
The third common cause of high morning blood sugar levels is waning amounts of insulin, which means your insulin levels are going down and no longer keeping your blood sugar in check. As a result, you wake up to an elevated reading.
What is dawn phenomenon in diabetes?
Regina Castro, M.D. The dawn phenomenon, also called the dawn effect, is the term used to describe an abnormal early-morning increase in blood sugar (glucose) — usually between 2 a.m. and 8 a.m. — in people with diabetes.
What is dawn phenomenon symptoms?
Share on Pinterest Symptoms of the dawn phenomenon include nausea, weakness, and extreme thirst. The dawn phenomenon refers to a rise in blood sugar released by the liver. The release happens as the person’s body is preparing to wake for the day. The body normally uses insulin to cope with this rise in blood sugar.
Is rapid acting and short acting insulin the same?
Rapid-acting insulin also comes in a form that can be inhaled through the mouth. Short-acting insulins take effect and wear off more quickly than long-acting insulins. A short-acting insulin is often used 30 minutes before a meal so that it has time to work.
How can rebound hypoglycemia be prevented?
Avoiding sugary foods and processed simple carbohydrates, such as white bread or white pasta, especially on an empty stomach. Eating food when drinking alcohol, if you drink. Eating several small meals and snacks throughout the day, about three hours apart during waking hours.
What hormone causes blood sugar drop?
Glucagon works along with the hormone insulin to control blood sugar levels and keep them within set levels. Glucagon is released to stop blood sugar levels dropping too low (hypoglycaemia), while insulin is released to stop blood sugar levels rising too high (hyperglycaemia).
What is it called when your blood sugar drops at night?
Low blood glucose at night
When blood glucose levels fall below 70 mg/dl while sleeping at night, the person experiences a condition called nocturnal hypoglycemia. Studies suggest that almost half of all episodes of low blood glucose — and more than half of all severe episodes — occur at night during sleep.