One reason why people with diabetes can suffer more damage during strokes has been discovered by US scientists. The study on rats, published in Nature Medicine, found a protein which increased bleeding when blood sugar levels are high. Elevated sugar levels have been linked to at least one in ten strokes.
What causes bleeding in diabetic patients?
Diabetes damages blood vessels all over the body. The damage to your eyes starts when sugar blocks the tiny blood vessels that go to your retina, causing them to leak fluid or bleed. To make up for these blocked blood vessels, your eyes then grow new blood vessels that don’t work well.
What are the symptoms when your blood sugar is too high?
Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) means there is too much sugar in the blood because the body lacks enough insulin. Associated with diabetes, hyperglycemia can cause vomiting, excessive hunger and thirst, rapid heartbeat, vision problems and other symptoms. Untreated hyperglycemia can lead to serious health problems.
What blood sugar level can cause damage?
“Post-meal blood sugars of 140 mg/dl [milligrams per deciliter] and higher, and fasting blood sugars over 100 mg/dl [can] cause permanent organ damage and cause diabetes to progress,” Ruhl writes.
Does low blood sugar cause bleeding?
In severe cases of low blood sugar, short-term complications can include : brain bleed.
Can drinking water lower blood sugar?
Drinking water regularly may rehydrate the blood, lower blood sugar levels, and reduce diabetes risk ( 20 , 21 ).
Can you pass out if your sugar is too high?
High blood sugar from diabetes can damage the nerves in your body that help keep your blood pressure steady. That could lead to unusually low blood pressure that makes you pass out.
What is the highest blood sugar level that is safe?
The highest blood sugar level that’s considered safe will depend on the person and whether they have diabetes, but will typically be between 160 to 240 mg/dL.
Normal blood sugar levels for adults.
|Normal blood sugar levels for adults|
|1-2 hours after eating||Less than 180|
What is the best thing to do when your blood sugar is high?
How Is It Treated?
- Drink more water. Water helps remove excess sugar from your blood through urine, and it helps you avoid dehydration.
- Exercise more. …
- Caution: If you have type 1 diabetes and your blood sugar is high, you need to check your urine for ketones. …
- Change your eating habits. …
- Switch medications.
What should I eat if my sugar is high?
Here are seven foods that Powers says can help keep your blood sugar in check and make you happy and healthy to boot.
- Raw, Cooked, or Roasted Vegetables. These add color, flavor, and texture to a meal. …
- Greens. …
- Flavorful, Low-calorie Drinks. …
- Melon or Berries. …
- Whole-grain, Higher-fiber Foods. …
- A Little Fat. …