Using the perpendicular injection technique lean diabetic patients may often inject insulin intramuscularly (IM).
What happens if you inject insulin IM?
Injecting insulin into muscle changes the way it’s metabolized, can be more painful, and may cause more bruising. And be careful to never inject long-acting insulin into muscle, as that can ruin blood sugars and send you on a blood glucose rollercoaster for the next 24 hours.
Why is insulin given subcutaneously instead of intramuscularly?
The preferred tissue space for insulin injection is the subcutaneous layer, which is the fat layer just below the dermis and above the muscle1; it offers slow, stable and predictable absorption, whatever the fat tissue depth2. Stable and predictable absorption of insulin will support optimal blood glucose control.
Can you inject insulin wrong?
Incorrect administration of insulin (e.g., too little, too much, or at the wrong times) can result in both transient and serious hypo- and hyperglycemia, wide glycemic excursions, severe hypoglycemia, and DKA.
Can you inject insulin in your calf?
Good sites to inject include the forearm, triceps, calf and quadriceps. You may need to use a slightly longer syringe or pen needle than you are used to (8mm minimum), and do not “pinch” the site when injecting.
Can you give insulin in the deltoid?
DON’T: Inject insulin just anywhere.
Insulin should be injected into the fat just underneath the skin rather than into muscle, which can lead to quicker insulin action and greater risk of low blood sugar. The stomach, thighs, buttocks, and upper arms are common injection sites because of their higher fat content.
Where do you inject insulin?
There are several areas of the body where insulin may be injected:
- The belly, at least 5 cm (2 in.) from the belly button. The belly is the best place to inject insulin. …
- The front of the thighs. Insulin usually is absorbed more slowly from this site. …
- The back of the upper arms.
- The upper buttocks.
How do you administer insulin?
How do I inject the insulin with a syringe?
- Wash your hands with soap and water. …
- Clean the skin where you will inject the insulin. …
- Grab a fold of your skin. …
- Insert the needle straight into your skin. …
- Push down on the plunger to inject the insulin. …
- Pull out the needle. …
- Throw away your used insulin syringe as directed.
What happens if I take insulin and I’m not diabetic?
When non-diabetic takes insulin
An insulin overdose, especially for one with no diabetes, can be extremely dangerous, and lead to a coma or worse, doctors warn.
When should a Type 2 diabetic take insulin?
Insulin should be initiated when A1C is ≥7.0% after 2–3 months of dual oral therapy. The preferred regimen for insulin initiation in type 2 diabetes is once-daily basal insulin. In addition to timely initiation, rapid titration of the dose is indispensable for successful insulin therapy.
What should you check before administering insulin?
To determine when you should inject insulin, pay attention to the times you check your blood sugar, when you eat and what kind of insulin you are taking: Check your blood sugar no more than 30 minutes before you eat. If you take rapid-acting insulin before meals, inject the insulin when you sit down to eat.
When should you not take Lantus?
Do not take Lantus during episodes of low blood sugar or if you are allergic to insulin or any of the inactive ingredients in Lantus. Do not share needles, insulin pens, or syringes with others.
When should insulin not be administered?
Try not to inject your insulin in the same exact place on your body every time. This is to prevent a condition called lipodystrophy. In lipodystrophy, the fat under the skin either breaks down or builds up and forms lumps or indentations that can obstruct insulin absorption. Instead, rotate injection sites.
How do you inject insulin into your leg?
The injection should take place around 4 inches, or about the width of a hand, above the knee and the same distance from the top of the leg. Avoid the inner thigh due to the denser network of blood vessels in that area. Inject the medicine into a pinch of at least 1–2 inches of skin.