Best answer: What complication is more likely for an infant of a diabetic mother within the first few hours after birth?

An IDM is more likely to have periods of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth, and during first few days of life. This is because the baby has been used to getting more sugar than needed from the mother.

What is the newborn of a diabetic mother at risk to develop?

Hypoglycemia. Babies born to mothers with diabetes are at an increased risk of developing low blood sugar or hypoglycemia shortly after birth and during the first few days of life, since they are already producing an excess of insulin.

Which of the following is a common problem in the newborn of a diabetic mother?

Infants of diabetic mothers are prone to various neonatal adverse outcomes, including metabolic and hematologic disorders, respiratory distress, cardiac disorders and neurologic impairment due to perinatal asphyxia and birth traumas, among others.

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How does diabetes affect a newborn?

Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.

What is a fetal complication associated with gestational diabetes?

The most common fetal adverse outcomes found in pregnancies of women with diabetes are fetal and neonatal loss, a great variety of congenital abnormalities and malformations, premature delivery (delivery occurring before 37 weeks’ gestation), fetal growth acceleration and macrosomia (defined as a birth weight above 4 …

What is the most common complication for which a nurse must monitor preterm infants?

Additionally, about 86.1% of the nurses considered respiratory distress syndrome as a common complication of prematurity, and 61.1% of them stated neonatal septicemia as a common complication of prematurity (Table 2).

Which conditions are infants of diabetic mothers IDMs at a higher risk for developing?

Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are often larger than other babies, especially if diabetes is not well-controlled. This may make vaginal birth harder and may increase the risk for nerve injuries and other trauma during birth. Also, cesarean births are more likely.

What are risks of pregnancy diabetes?

Diabetes during pregnancy—including type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes—can negatively affect the health of women and their babies. For women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, high blood sugar around the time of conception increases babies’ risk of birth defects, stillbirth, and preterm birth.

Which is a risk factor for neonatal complications or death to mothers with gestational diabetes?

Conclusion: SGA birthweight is an important risk factor for neonatal complications or death among neonates born to mothers with GDM.

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What neonatal complications should the pediatrician be aware of in case of maternal gestational diabetes?

Infants of diabetic mothers are prone to various neonatal adverse outcomes, including metabolic and hematologic disorders, respiratory distress, cardiac disorders and neurologic impairment due to perinatal asphyxia and birth traumas, among others.

Does insulin affect the baby?

Insulin is the traditional first-choice drug for blood sugar control during pregnancy because it is the most effective for fine-tuning blood sugar and it doesn’t cross the placenta. Therefore, it is safe for the baby.

Why do infants of diabetic mothers have polycythemia?

Polycythaemia is an important problem that is observed in some infants born to diabetic mothers: fetal hyperinsulinaemia and elevated Epo levels, due to intrauterine chronic hypoxia, may cause polycythaemia in these infants.

Does gestational diabetes increase risk of diabetes in child?

Maternal gestational diabetes conferred a 1.8-fold higher risk of type 1 diabetes in the children, after adjusting for sex, gestational age group, birth weight group, ethnicity, material deprivation, previous pregnancy, and maternal autoimmune disease.

What are maternal and neonatal risks associated with gestational diabetes mellitus?

GDM is associated with an increased risk of complications for both the mother and the child. The rate of preeclampsia and cesarean section is increased in the mother and the risk of macrosomia is increased in the newborn.

Why is stillbirth a risk for gestational diabetes?

Diabetes can also stop babies from growing normally – they are born either too small (fetal growth restriction (FGR)) or too large (macrosomia), both of which dramatically increase the risk of stillbirths.

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Who has the greatest risk of developing diabetes while pregnant quizlet?

Age (women who are older than 25 are at a greater risk for developing gestational diabetes than younger women) Race (women who are African-American, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic or Latino, or Pacific Islander have a higher risk)