Among diabetic patients, 90% to 95% of adults had type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Modifiable risk factors for complications of diabetes include overweight/obesity, poor diet, hypertension, smoking, and physical inactivity.
What are 2 risk factors of type 2 diabetes?
Factors that may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes include:
- Weight. Being overweight or obese is a main risk.
- Fat distribution. Storing fat mainly in your abdomen — rather than your hips and thighs — indicates a greater risk. …
- Inactivity. …
- Family history. …
- Race and ethnicity. …
- Blood lipid levels. …
- Age. …
What are non modifiable risk factors for type 2 diabetes?
Non-modifiable risk factors
- Genetics. Our genetics ultimately determine who we are, from the colour of our eyes, to how tall we are, and even down to the risk of us developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). …
- Ethnicity. …
- Age. …
- Excess body weight.
What are two modifiable risk factors?
Modifiable risk factors include: smoking high blood pressure diabetes physical inactivity being overweight high blood cholesterol.
What are some type 2 diabetes risk factors is prevention possible?
You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes with simple, proven lifestyle changes such as losing weight if you’re overweight, eating healthier, and getting regular physical activity.
What is type 2 diabetes pathophysiology?
The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus is characterized by peripheral insulin resistance, impaired regulation of hepatic glucose production, and declining β-cell function, eventually leading toβ -cell failure.
What are examples of risk factors?
Risk factor examples
- Negative attitudes, values or beliefs.
- Low self-esteem.
- Drug, alcohol or solvent abuse.
- Children of parents in conflict with the law.
- Presence of neighbourhood crime.
- Early and repeated anti-social behaviour.
What is the difference between modifiable and Nonmodifiable risk factors?
Risk factors are either modifiable, meaning you can take measures to change them, or non-modifiable, which means they cannot be changed.
Is Glycaemic control modifiable?
Numerous factors have been found to be associated with the ability of patients with type 2 diabetes to achieve glycemic control, including age, sex, or comorbid conditions. However, many of these characteristics are not modifiable and thus cannot be addressed by efforts to improve diabetes outcomes.
What are 3 non-modifiable risk factors?
Non-modifiable risk factors include:
- Family history.
What are the 5 modifiable risk factors?
These 5 key modifiable risk factors are associated with the risk of developing cancer and other chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes, cardiovascular disease):
Modifiable Risk Factors
- tobacco use.
- alcohol consumption.
- excess body weight (overweight and obesity)
- physical activity.
- healthy eating.
Which of the following risk factors are modifiable?
The risk factors that can be controlled (modifiable) are: High BP; high blood cholesterol levels; smoking; diabetes; overweight or obesity; lack of physical activity; unhealthy diet and stress.
What are the modifiable risk factors for NCD?
The four main modifiable risk factors for the four major NCDs are tobacco use and exposure to secondhand smoke, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol.
How is type 2 diabetes prevented?
13 Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
- Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet. …
- Work Out Regularly. …
- Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage. …
- Lose Weight If You’re Overweight or Obese. …
- Quit Smoking. …
- Follow a Very-Low-Carb Diet. …
- Watch Portion Sizes. …
- Avoid Sedentary Behaviors.
Which of the following are risk factors for type 2 diabetes select all that apply?
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
- are overweight or obese.
- are age 45 or older.
- have a family history of diabetes.
- are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
- have high blood pressure.
Which of the following helps prevent type two diabetes?
You can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by losing a modest amount of weight by following a reduced-calorie eating plan and being physically active most days of the week.