How do you give yourself a diabetes foot exam?
Look for cuts, bruises, blisters, discoloration, callus build-up, or anything abnormal. Check between toes – Inspect between each of your toes for small injuries and skin changes as well. Feel for changes – Run your hands over your feet to feel for changes you might not see easily, like lumps, bumps, and cold spots.
What does diabetes feel like in your feet?
You may experience your feet tingling like pins and needles or other symptoms like loss of feeling or sensitivity in your feet or problems walking.
What does a diabetic foot sore look like?
So how do you know if you have a diabetic foot ulcer? If the ulcer is at an advanced stage, it should be obvious. A foot ulcer looks like a round red crater in the skin bordered by thickened callused skin. Severe ulcers can be deep enough to expose tendons or bones.
Why should diabetics not soak their feet?
Do not soak feet, or you’ll risk infection if the skin begins to break down. And if you have nerve damage, take care with water temperature. You risk burning your skin if you can’t feel that the water is too hot.
What is Diabetic Foot?
Foot problems are common in people with diabetes. They can happen over time when high blood sugar damages the nerves and blood vessels in the feet. The nerve damage, called diabetic neuropathy, can cause numbness, tingling, pain, or a loss of feeling in your feet.
How do you know if you have neuropathy in your feet?
A common sign and symptom of neuropathy is loss or diminished sensation. A quick and easy way to test this at home is touching the 1st, 3rd and 5th toes of both feet with your index finger. This can be performed by either you or a family member.
What part of the foot hurts with diabetes?
Diabetic foot pain is mainly due to a condition called peripheral neuropathy. Approximately 50% of people who have type 2 diabetes will develop peripheral neuropathy, which happens when high blood sugar levels cause damage to the nerves in the legs and the feet.
Do your legs hurt when you have diabetes?
Diabetes can lead to a variety of complications. Leg pain and cramps often occur as a result of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy. If diabetes damages nerves in your arms or legs, it’s called diabetic peripheral neuropathy.
What does the beginning of diabetic neuropathy feel like?
Diabetic neuropathy symptoms usually begin in the toes and work their way towards the head. The first symptoms you may experience are tingling and numbness in the toes or fingers. This may resemble the feeling of “pins and needles” when a foot that has fallen asleep begins to wake up.
What are the symptoms of diabetic foot infection?
Infections can cause constant pain, redness around an ulcer, warmth and swelling, pus, or an ulcer that does not heal. You should see your doctor as soon as possible if you have any of these signs.
Should diabetics wear socks to bed?
Consider socks made specifically for patients living with diabetes. These socks have extra cushioning, do not have elastic tops, are higher than the ankle and are made from fibers that wick moisture away from the skin. Wear socks to bed. If your feet get cold at night, wear socks.
What does the start of a diabetic foot ulcer look like?
A foot ulcer looks like a red crater in the skin. Most foot ulcers are located on the side or bottom of the foot or on the top or tip of a toe. This round crater can be surrounded by a border of thickened, callused skin. This border may develop over time.
Why can’t diabetics cut their toenails?
That’s because diabetes often causes poor circulation that leads to numbness in the feet. Numbness makes it less likely that you’ll notice cuts, scrapes, and blisters on your feet, and poor circulation means those wounds are less likely to heal properly.
How do diabetics feel when their sugar is high?
The main symptoms of hyperglycemia are increased thirst and a frequent need to urinate. Other symptoms that can occur with high blood sugar are: Headaches. Tiredness.
Why do diabetics have cracked heels?
Diabetics are likely to experience cracked heels because damage to nerves in the feet from uncontrolled blood sugars can cause dry skin. People with diabetes are even more likely to sustain an infection from cracked heels than non-diabetics.